They will turn their head towards light and shiny objects and are fascinated with the human face. They can focus on objects up to 20cm away. They react to sounds, especially familiar voices and quieten when picked up. They begin to make eye contact, cry to indicate need and move their eyes towards the direction of sound. Between four to eight weeks the baby begins to turn from their side to back and can lift their head briefly from the lying on their tummy.
By 18 months the child will be show signs of curiosity and is keen to explore outside their comfort zone. | | Social/Emotional | At the very beginning, babies will be aware of the mothers’ voice and will be the first face they recognise.Wary of strangers, prefers being in the company of the ‘carer’.Enjoys being in the company of
* Makes eye contact * May move their eyes towards the direction of sound * Responds to sounds, especially familiar voices. | 3 months | * Baby can imitate low or high pitched sounds. * Knows the smell of their mum from that of others. * Recognises differing speech sounds | * Baby will stay awake for longer periods. * Will fix eyes on mum’s face when feeding.
CYP Core 3.1 Understand child and young person development 1. Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years. 1.1 Explain the sequence rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years. Social , emotional, behaviour and moral development Birth to 3 years Early from birth a baby can respond to touch and sound, will recognise a parent or carers voice and will stare at bright shiny objects. Even from a few months old they will smile and engage with their carer and by four months can vocalise by ‘babbling’ and ‘cooing’.
1-3 Years By their first birthday, most babies have learnt the basics of movement and being mobile by either sitting, rolling, shuffling or crawling around. Some babies have even started standing with little or no support, and some are even walking. They use their hands for pointing, waving, feeding themselves and holding small objects. They will also enjoy playing with a ball and at this stage want to climb on everything or anything. By the time they have reached the age of three, a child’s fine motor skills will be used with a lot more control and they are able to hold a pencil and turn the pages of a book.
| |0-3 |As a new born a child has very little |From the day they are born we try to |Children in this age range need to | | |control over its body. Such as how it |communicate with children.. At first |form strong attachments to an adult, | | |sucks and grasps to gain nutrition. |children do not understand what is being |at this stage it is normally parents | | |By a year old most babies can roll over|said but just the fact we talk, read or |and carers. Frustration often occurs | | |and/or crawl. |sing to them stimulates the brain to learn |when they want/need do things for | | |1 year old most walk.
Loss of a comforter - The transition between having a dummy, muslin, teddy bear, blanket and not having one can be quite upsetting . Move from crawling to walking - This transition sees children reach new perspectives on their lives, viewing the world around them from an independently upright position. They can obtain items with greater ease, move with increasing speed. 3.2 explain how to give adult support for each of these transitions Babies weaning - supportive relationships help to overcome the anxiety during these times with use of a soothing, calm voice, reassurance through eye contact, physical contact to comfort , play ideas that help distract tension and diffuse worry, or maybe anger at facing another unwanted episode of food tasting. Motivate trying the new foods by tasting them first - facial expression yum Starting Nursery - help children through this potentially difficult time by reassuring the child that it's ok to
1 Identify the transitions experienced by MOST children. Birth Changing from Breast/Bottle feeding to solid food Crawling/shuffling to Walking Being feed to feeding ourselves From nappies to potty training to using the real toilet Child becomes self aware Feeling comfortable enough to be cared for by others rather than parents Going to nursery Moving from Nursery to School Developing new skills at school and through extra curricular activities Puberty Peer Pressure Sexuality Leaving home for 1st time Moving on to college/university First girl/boy friend Moving into a job Identify the transitions experienced by SOME children. Other than those above. A new sibling Delayed transitions due to Physical/Mental health needs Violence/ Domestic/Physical abuse Parents divorcing Step Parent/New partner Serious Illness Accident Death in the family Moving house/area. Changing to a new school as a result of the above Puberty Their own sexuality Drug taking Alcohol use 2 Examples of how transitions may affect behaviour in children and young people.
Social and Emotional Development Babies begin to recognize faces while smiling and attaching to parents. They begin to express fear of strangers and seek comfort and reassurance from parents or carers. They feel secure when cuddled and enjoy playing simple games like peek-a-boo. Intellectual Development They learn about things through feeling with their hands and mouth. They recognize their parents while smiling, squealing and gurgling at them.
This is where the child shows signs of growth; they begin to hold their own bottle, showing they have gained the use of hands and understand what they do. The can now also show fear, this can come from many things, one of which is a stranger’s face, not knowing the person or being unsure of them. Babies will usually attempt to walk at around this age, sometimes with help and sometimes using the furniture to guide them. The toddler stage, 1-3 years. During this time, a child will go from, sitting, to crawling, to walking, to running, they become more confident as they get older and steadier on their feet.