Baby will reach to grab objects and those objects start to go in their mouths. By the time they are a year old, a child will sit unaided, will start to crawl or shuffle and will be able to stand with support. Baby will raise his arms to be lifted and respond to his name. Hand to eye co-ordination improves and baby now looks for hidden objects, reaches for food and passes objects from hand to hand. From 1 to 2 years, baby will start walking and toys will usually be pushed or pulled along as an aid.
Outcome 1.1 Age | Physical | Communication and intellectual | Social, emotional and behavioural | NewbornBy three months | When sitting head will fall forwards and the posture is more unfurled, Gazes attentively at faces, particularly when being fed or talked to. By three months babies will be far more alert and can turn side to back, lift head and chest from the floor, arms and can be waved and brought together. The baby will engage in hand and finger play, can hold objects such as a rattle briefly before dropping. | The whole process of communication is through sounds and crying, they will also start to communicate through physical closeness. The baby will begin to coo and gurgle in response to interaction from carer.
Unit 2 – Development from conception to age 16 years E1 Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in TWO (2) areas of development 0-1 years: Intellectual development: New-borns make eye contact and cry to indicate their needs they use this as a survival technique as they learn that when they cry adults will care for them. They’ll turn to sounds, and become comforted by a human voice and are programmed to look at human faces. They’ll also imitate other people’s facial expressions and actions. This helps them learn, imitation is the best learning strategy for a baby http://ilabs.washington.edu/meltzoff/pdf/99Meltzoff_BornToLearn.pdf 05/03/14 states: “Imitation is a powerful form of learning commonly used by children, adults and infants. A child's enthusiasm for imitative behaviour prompts parental attention and interaction, and provides a mechanism for transmitting appropriate cultural and social behaviour”.
Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them. By 6 months as their muscles begin to develop they will reach for and hold objects which they will also put into their mouths. By one year old they are beginning to crawl or shuffle, pulling or pushing on furniture to stand and then cruise using furniture or adult for support. Sitting has progressed to unaided and they are rolling from their front to their back. They are beginning to be inquisitive with objects, passing them between hands, handling them in different ways and looking for things that are hiding.
Babies at this stage will respond to voices, follow you around the room with their eyes. They will also learn to stop crying when communicated with. Playing with children will make them giggle and smile for example "Peek-a-boo". Which they will learn the movements to as they get older with their identities coming along they may show fears to strangers and need reasurance. 1-2 Years- PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT Around this age toddlers begin to progress from crawling to walking by pulling themselves up onto objects and holding onto things for support like sofa's or table's.
THE EXPECTED PATTERN OF DEVELOPMENT FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE FROM BIRTH TO 19 YEARS. Age 0-1 Physical development When a baby is born they have reflexes for swallowing and sucking. By one month they can be soothed by their mother’s voice and will try to focus on her face. At three months they should be able to lift and turn their head and at 6 months will enjoy playing and reaching out for toys. Communicative development A baby will cry when hungry right from day one.
Physical Development From Birth to Three Months: A child will be able to root, suck and grasp a finger, it can make a fist. Within weeks a baby can smile and respond to sounds and their environment around them. By Six Months: A child will develop greater agility and strength. They can roll over, pull their body forward and grasp objects. A child will be able to turn their body to sound and movement.
There muscle development starts from head to toe, a child will first develop the control over there neck muscles. Intellectual: babies are born ready to communication and interact with other individuals especially there mother and father. From a very young age a baby will start to communication in a language, for example they will express their feelings and needs through gestures. emotional: babies are usually born with some of their emotions, during the first year of their life it is good to give a baby love, warmth and care to help them to gain the sense of being safe and also welcoming. The sense of being safe is a good base for the development of other healthy emotional responses.
By the time the child becomes 1 year, it start beginning to crawl, to stand with the support and the first teeth might start appearing too. In the age group of 3-7years the physical development increases and the child is more active and has learnt to jumping, walking, climbing, peddling, hopping, skipping, cycling confidentially. From the ages of 12-19 the child stops growing and the only changes are visible in the appearance
Forming this attachment provides a safe base, giving babies the confidence to explore, therefore Bowlby suggested that this initial attachment relationship acts as a prototype for all future social relationships so disrupting it during the critical period (first 2 1/2 years) can have severe consequences on the childs development. There are a number of case studies that support Bowlbys theory. Sroufe (1999) conducted an experiment in which he followed a group of children from the age of 12 months to adolescence. They were observed throughout their childhood by teachers, trained observers and camp counsellors at special events arranged for the children. At the end of the experiment, Sroufes results showed that those children who were rated as being securely attached in infancy were also rated as being more popular, having more initiative and being higher in social competence as well as self-confidence.