Depending on their personality and time spent with other children, a 6 month old infant will become more interested in social interaction; some may experience a fear of strangers and become distressed when separated from a parent of carer. By 9 months an infant can recognise familiar and unfamiliar faces. When an infant reaches the age of 1 year, ‘Temper tantrums’ may have started, at this age they become demanding and assertive and express rage when being told ‘no’. Infants at the age of one have very little knowledge of sharing and strong ideas that everything is theirs. From 2 to 4 years a child is learning to be separated from their parents and carers for short periods of time, for example; nursery or babysitters.
Baby will reach to grab objects and those objects start to go in their mouths. By the time they are a year old, a child will sit unaided, will start to crawl or shuffle and will be able to stand with support. Baby will raise his arms to be lifted and respond to his name. Hand to eye co-ordination improves and baby now looks for hidden objects, reaches for food and passes objects from hand to hand. From 1 to 2 years, baby will start walking and toys will usually be pushed or pulled along as an aid.
Learning outcome 1 know the main stages of child and young person development 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young peoples development from birth to 19 years physical development At 0-3 years New born babies have little control over their bodies. Their movement depends on series of reflexes, as they get older they start to develop series of movements and actions called the ‘gross motor skills’ such as crawling, sitting, grabbing, pointing, running, rolling, hopping, jumping, and so on. In their second year, children should have better ability to control their movement. In their third year, children would start to develop some ‘fine motor skills’ such as painting, colouring, and scribbling. They would enjoy looking at, and turning the pages of books.
Children under the age of seven in general learn to share and take the responsibilities but taking turns in group activities could be challenging at times and need adult’s assistances to resolve the disputes. As the children progress into teens ages 12-19, they become more independent and start distancing themselves from their adults and finding more comfort and acceptances among their friends and same age groups’ peers. The physical development starts rapidly in the beginning of the child’s development. Within few weeks of birth, the child begins to respond to the sound of the environment around them. By the time the child becomes 1 year, it start beginning to crawl, to stand with the support and the first teeth might start appearing too.
Babies have very little control over their bodies but by 12 months usually have some degree of mobility, crawling /rolling. In their 2nd year most babies will begin to walk. They will begin pointing, holding small objects and start to feed themselves. In their 3rd year they will start to have more control over pencils and crayons and enjoy looking at books. They should be able to use cups and feed themselves.
For example ; a child may crawl of walk earlier than expected, but start talking a little bit late. Children generally develop in approximately the same sequence. Babies will learn to roll over before they sit up, and children will say single words before they string two or three words together in a basic sentence. | 0 -3years | 3 – 7years | 7 – 12years | 12 – 16years | 16 – 19years | | Physical development (GROSS MOTOR SKILLS). | *In-supine: head is on one side.
TDA2.1 1.1 1.2 Describe expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 to include *Physical *Communication *Social emotional and behavioural development All children are unique, each element of their personal development happens as they mature into adult hood. The following describes the expected pattern of development, however all children are different and therefore have different sequences of development. Physical development is not just a change in height and weight it is more complex: A newborn baby doesn’t have much physical control, the only instinctive behaviours they are born with is a natural sucking ability allowing them to feed, along with a grasp reflex. By 3 months a baby has developed enough to have the strength in their neck to support the head for short periods of time. By 6 months they usually have the strength to sit up.
A child will be able to turn their body to sound and movement. Between One to Two Years: Children become more independent during this stage of development. Most children can walk, feed themselves, and make marks with crayons. They can point to what they want, and shake their head to say no. At The Age of Two to Three Years: A child can build with bricks to make a tower.
Sarah Sunderland Unit TDA 2.1 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young peoples development from birth to 19 years, to include: a. Physical Development: 0-3 Years New born babies depend on flexes as they do not have much control over their bodies as they grow they start to develop movements and actions called gross motor skills this includes crawling, sitting up grabbing objects, being able to hold objects with a good grip, running and jumping. When they reach 2 years of age they should have more control of their movements and when they turn 3 they will start to develop fine motor skills such as painting, colouring, turning pages of books and at this stage they should be able to feed themselves and should be able to hold a cup. 3-7 Years Development at this stage can differ with each child as all children develop at their own stages but they should have improved in their fine motor skills so they should be able to handle scissors, take part in sports for example they will be able to hold a bat and hit a ball, they will start to learn to write their own name and draw pictures. 7-12 Years At this stage children will have their own hobbies and interests, they will take part in more sporting such as football and tennis They will be able to control their movements and flexes for example they will be able to take part in gymnastics and dancing.
They will be able to pull or push against adult hands or furniture to reach a standing position between 6 months-1 year. Walking skill shows up at 18 months of age, in a quite unsteady way though. Will be by the age of 3 when they can run, jump or pedal a tricycle. About fine motor skills, grasping by using the whole hand (palmer grasp) usually starts at around 4 months of age, it develops fast and around 10 month they are able to grasp using a pincer grasp (using the thumb and index finger) and use hand-eye co-ordination. Intellectually: information babies get about the world comes to them through their senses, as their cognitive skills develop they are able to make sense of