To ensure a child’s social development is on target, praise, guidance, support and encouragement are key when helping them interact with others around them. With emotional development, a child requires warmth, support, and affection. Between birth and 9 months, a child should be able to respond to the mothers face and enjoy the company of familiar people, enjoy games such as ‘peek-a-boo’, and will be very dependent on their care-givers for comfort. From 1 year and 2 years, the child will become independent and confident, and from this will enjoy performing in front of an audience, be more cooperative and enjoy playing alongside other children. Between 2 and 3 years, the confidence of the child will increase resulting in them playing happily alongside other children adults.
By the age of nine months an infant can be wary of strangers and frequently seek their caregiver for reassurance. Before speech develops an infant will smile and mirror behaviours to socialise, it is their way of interaction. By 18 months they will become increasingly independent, which is regularly demonstrated when they try to feed themselves. At this age they will mimic behaviours when playing and interacting with others. Between the age of 2 and 3 years a toddler enjoys routine, they will often choose to play alone doing repetitive tasks which they find stimulating.
Children under the age of seven in general learn to share and take the responsibilities but taking turns in group activities could be challenging at times and need adult’s assistances to resolve the disputes. As the children progress into teens ages 12-19, they become more independent and start distancing themselves from their adults and finding more comfort and acceptances among their friends and same age groups’ peers. The physical development starts rapidly in the beginning of the child’s development. Within few weeks of birth, the child begins to respond to the sound of the environment around them. By the time the child becomes 1 year, it start beginning to crawl, to stand with the support and the first teeth might start appearing too.
Shows feelings such as excitement and fear, reacts positively to a carer who is kind and southing if a carer does not respond to a baby, the baby may stop trying to interact. | 3-6 months | Turns from front to back. Can hold head in central position, head can still drop but back is straighter. By six months they can turn from from to back to front and may do reverse. Sit unsupported for some time, use hands to play with feel and may put them in the mouth.
The same is said for the development of emotional and social expectations for a child. Unlike physical development milestones, social, emotional and behavior development has much harder to observe. New skill such as self-awareness can be tough to spot, and others can be difficult or even impossible to see directly, this is mainly due to the child entering a school environment then these social and emotional skills become more important. The first three months from birth, babies are learning about themselves and every person around them. They start looking at their own hands and feet, sucking on their fingers, this also helps them to understand how the legs and arms are attached to the babies body.
When they are about 2 months old then they can smile especially if they see a familiar face for example their mother. As they are about 3 months old then they can respond to people talking to them however they won't say words, they will say baby language. Also they can smile and make noise which will show they are trying to interact. 3-6 months: When a baby is 3-6 months old then they will smile more often and they will know more familiar faces and people can tell that the baby is excited to meet people, especially if that person really bonds with them.
It may also occur as a result of human nature and our ability to learn from our environment. Human beings have a keen sense to adapt to their surroundings and this is what child development encompasses. Each child usually develops at the same rate as another child. |Age |Intellectual |Social / Emotional |Language |Gross motor |Fine Motor | |Infant – Birth to |Learns about things with |Attaches to mother and |Vocalises, squeals |Lifts head first then |Reaches for objects| |one year |hands and mouth |father, begins to |and imitates sounds, |chest, rolls over, pulls|and picks up small | | |
When we look at social and emotional development these to are broken down under four age milestones, in birth to 3yrs a baby will be very dependent on its mother and may want to please adults and careers with acts to make you smile. At the age 0f 4-7yrs a child will begin to make friends but not be able to fully understand things like taking turns and basic rules, by 7-12yrs a child is more aware of being either a girl or a boy and will know what they do or do not feel and be able to say what they know to be right or wrong and why, but by age 12+ the child will become more conscious of themselves and emotions may change from wanting to be an adult but still behaving child like, during this period they will
CYP Core 3.1: Understand child and young person development 1.1 Explain the sequence and rate aspect of development from birth – 19 years. Children development is constant and can be measured in a number of different ways. Although children develop at different rates and in different ways, the sequence of development is generally the same as they need to have developed one skill before moving onto the other, for example a child must learn how to walk before they can run. Physical development is usually very rapid early on in the child’s development. Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them.
Every child develops at a different rate, however there is a basic order in which development occurs in children and through which progress can be measured and assessed. A child’s development generally occurs in the following ways From head to toe From inner to outer From simple to complex From general to specific A child’s development can be further broken down in to the following areas: Physical Development Social and emotional Development Intellectual Development Language Development. All these areas of development are as important as the others and they all intertwine and impact on the others. Development moves quickly in early years with the milestones being close together. Physical Development Within weeks of birth, a baby starts to smile in response to sounds and environments around him.