Babies respond to a familiar voice and may stop crying. Coo-ing sounds begin to emerge. Brief smiles when asleep leading to smiles of contentment at around 5 or 6 weeks 3 months Physical Cognitive Communication Social, emotional and behavioural Babies can lift and turn
Infants say their first words, by attaining communication skills that form the basis of language. During their first months, infants exhibit that they are social beings. They gaze into the eyes of their mother, father, or caregivers, and they are sensitive to the tones of the voices around them and to the facial expressions of those with whom they are relating to. They pay attention to the language spoken to them, and they take their turn in a conversation, even if it is just using vocalizations such as “cooing” sounds. Infants are capable of producing intentional communication, and they are able to communicate specific desires and needs (Owens, 2005).
Communication and Intellectual development starts from the moment a baby is born. In cases where a baby has been neglected from this early stage it is found that they will experience difficulties in effective communication later in life. Babies enjoy listening to songs and games and most sill start to speak by around 12 months old. Between the ages of 1-2 they will be able to form short sentences and by the age of 2 will have a vocabulary of around 200 words. By the age of 3 a child will be using negatives and plurals in their speech and vocabulary will increase rapidly.
E1- Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in 2 areas of development. Physical Development: Physical development is important for 3 reasons Allows new learning to take place Allows further development-build on skills already perfected Enhances confidence/self esteem 0-6 months Babies learn how to control their muscles and movements. Baby’s development of fine motor skills can be watches hands and plays with fingers, clasps and unclasps hands and can hold a rattle for a moment. Its development of gross motor skills are, lifts head and chest up and waves arms and brings hands together over body. By one month, a baby can turns its head from side to side when lying on the back or belly, and can move its hands and arms.
Bowlby proposed a sequence for the development of attachment between the infant and others. The sequence is divided into four phases: indiscriminate responsiveness to humans, focusing on familiar people, active proximity seeking and partnership behaviour. (Black et.al., 1992). In phase 1 the infant is aged 0-12 weeks. During this phase infants orient to persons in their environment, visually tracking them, grasping and reaching for them and smiling and babbling.
Language development: • A six month old baby will be able to make a variety of happy sounds. • will respond to music and singing • will mirror their parent’s movements and expressions. 6 TO 12 MONTHS BABY Physical development: • The toddler will have learnt to sit first with support, and then without. • will be able to roll over • he will begin to crawl or shuffle • he will be able to stand with support • he will raise his arms when he wants to be lifted • he will respond to his name • he will pass objects from hand to hand • Look for things that have been hidden and reach for food. Social and emotional development: • Baby will develop “Separation Anxiety” (some babies develop it earlier or
Child and Young Person Development Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. |Age (years) |Physical Development |Communication and intellectual development |Social, emotional and behavioural development| |0 – 3 |If the baby is pulled to sitting position, |The baby responds to sounds, especially familiar |A baby’s first smile in definite response to | | |the head will lag, the back curves over and |sounds. |carer is usually around 5-6 weeks. | | |the head falls. |The baby shows excitement at sound of approaching |The baby turns to regard nearby speaker’s | | |The baby turns its head towards the light and|footsteps or voices.
Will take it in turns to vocalise with their carer. May imitate a carer’s expressions – such as poking out the tongue 3-6 months Pelvis is flat when lying down. Lower back is still weak. Back and neck firm when held sitting. Grasps objects placed in hands.
Allowing for the newborn to have many interactions with both their parents and other newborns will start the development of their social and emotional skills. When it comes to physical development, babies quickly develop muscle tone and by three months, most can raise their head when lying on their stomach and can open their hands and suck on their fingers (Spock, 2001, p.102). Their eyes can track a moving object and they are beginning to recognize faces. By seven months, an infant will reach for an object, sit up, roll over, babble and begin to show an interest in a mirror image. By their first
| 16-19 years | The body is being shaped and defined at a quick rate. | Physical Development Understanding Child and Young Person Development Intellectual and Cognitive Development Age Range | Sequence and rate of development | 0-3 months | Can recognise the sound of their mother voice, will start to stop crying when hearing her voice. | 3-6 months | At this stage children and young people are learning more about the things going on around them, such as mobile and toys. | 6-9 months | Are more aware of what’s going on around them, Will be exploring things with their things with their fingers and mouth. | 9-12 months | At this stage more and more things will be going into their mouth as they begin to explore everything they can get their hands on.