E1- Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in 2 areas of development. Physical Development: Physical development is important for 3 reasons Allows new learning to take place Allows further development-build on skills already perfected Enhances confidence/self esteem 0-6 months Babies learn how to control their muscles and movements. Baby’s development of fine motor skills can be watches hands and plays with fingers, clasps and unclasps hands and can hold a rattle for a moment. Its development of gross motor skills are, lifts head and chest up and waves arms and brings hands together over body. By one month, a baby can turns its head from side to side when lying on the back or belly, and can move its hands and arms.
Also during this period, the child will make great strides in language and social skills (Lockman, 2009, p.6). The text suggests that there are three major periods of a baby’s development through the first two years of life (Brooks, 2010, p. 211). During the development of self-period, infants’ visual, sensory and motor responses emerge and so it is important for new parents to ensure their baby is stimulated with things such as mobiles or even just playing with their newborn. Babies, even newborn babies, like being around people and engaging with people (Brooks, 2010, p. 215). Allowing for the newborn to have many interactions with both their parents and other newborns will start the development of their social and emotional skills.
Development is the process of learning new skills and abilities. Development changes are a result of both environmental and genetic factors. Genetic factors are responsible for growth whilst the environmental factors are responsible for emotional development. The development of a child is sub categorised into difference key stages that take place during the first eight years of their life: Intellectual Physical Social and Emotional Language and Communication Intellectual 0-2 years: From birth – 3 months infants have the ability to focus on objects that are a few inches away from them. From 3-6 months they begin to develop their co-ordination and enjoy the stimulation of bright and shiny objects.
They will show a series of reflexes such as grasping or sucking. They need these to survive. Over the next 12 months they will develop more control and eventually should improve mobility such as rolling or crawling. In the next 12 months babies will quickly develop and most children will start to take steps onto walking. They are also able to control their movement.
Child and Young Person Development Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. |Age (years) |Physical Development |Communication and intellectual development |Social, emotional and behavioural development| |0 – 3 |If the baby is pulled to sitting position, |The baby responds to sounds, especially familiar |A baby’s first smile in definite response to | | |the head will lag, the back curves over and |sounds. |carer is usually around 5-6 weeks. | | |the head falls. |The baby shows excitement at sound of approaching |The baby turns to regard nearby speaker’s | | |The baby turns its head towards the light and|footsteps or voices.
Unit 1 – Child and Young Person Development 220.127.116.11 There are 3 stages of development in children which are Physical, Communication and Intellect and Social, emotional and behavioural. 0-3 Years – Physical development in this age group is accelerated. In the first year a baby will go from having very little control over their bodies to having some mobility such as crawling and rolling. Their movements at this stage are mainly focused on sucking and grasping. In a babies second year a babies physical development will continue and develop quickly.
| 16-19 years | The body is being shaped and defined at a quick rate. | Physical Development Understanding Child and Young Person Development Intellectual and Cognitive Development Age Range | Sequence and rate of development | 0-3 months | Can recognise the sound of their mother voice, will start to stop crying when hearing her voice. | 3-6 months | At this stage children and young people are learning more about the things going on around them, such as mobile and toys. | 6-9 months | Are more aware of what’s going on around them, Will be exploring things with their things with their fingers and mouth. | 9-12 months | At this stage more and more things will be going into their mouth as they begin to explore everything they can get their hands on.
Each aspect is important and all have impact on each other. To better explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development, the development will be divided into age groups: ZERO TO SIX MONTHS BABY Physical Development: • From the birth each month we can see the changes in the weight of the baby and the growth of the body parts • It will be able to turn its head to sound and movement • Watch the parent’s face while feeding • Smile at familiar faces and voices • stretches to reach its feet while lying down • tries to reach for and grab objects • keeps things in its mouth independently. Social and emotional development: • A six month old baby will respond to their mother’s face, smile. • Needs comfort and cuddles from their parents. Language development: • A six month old baby will be able to make a variety of happy sounds.
Ninety percent of American preschool children’s playtime involves toys. So it is obvious that playtime and interacting with toys is the primary method of acquiring many basic skills. It starts with seemingly simple beginnings, activities such as “mouthing” items; banging a rattle, reaching for a colorful mobile, help a baby interact with the world around them. These interactions help your baby learn about language, social relations, and cause-and-effect. Once babies begin to understand how things in the environment relate to each other and how they taste, smell, feel, and sound, babies are ready for the next stage of development: figuring out how they work.
This paper will discuss the important stages in the development as to how the child changes from physical, emotional, social, and cognitive perspective throughout this time period. Physical Change Physical changes in early childhood are accompanied by rapid changes in the child’s cognitive and language development. From the beginning of birth they use all their senses to attend to their environment. They begin to develop a sense of cause and effect from their actions and the responses of caregivers. As the new born grows into a young person he can take care of his or her own body and interact effectively with others.