By the age of 3 a child will be using negatives and plurals in their speech and vocabulary will increase rapidly. Social, emotional and behavioural development - The first relationships that very young children build are with their parents/carers. At this stage young children will express frustration by throwing tantrums, and will want to start doing things for themselves. 3-7 years At this stage children will be refining their physical movements and being more confident with them. More control is developed over
E1- Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in 2 areas of development. Physical Development: Physical development is important for 3 reasons Allows new learning to take place Allows further development-build on skills already perfected Enhances confidence/self esteem 0-6 months Babies learn how to control their muscles and movements. Baby’s development of fine motor skills can be watches hands and plays with fingers, clasps and unclasps hands and can hold a rattle for a moment. Its development of gross motor skills are, lifts head and chest up and waves arms and brings hands together over body. By one month, a baby can turns its head from side to side when lying on the back or belly, and can move its hands and arms.
Although all children will develop at different rates and in different ways, the sequence in which they develop will be roughly the same as they need to have developed one skill, for example walking, before they move on to develop another such as running and jumping. Development is often referred to on a timeline and is broken down in ages. As development is more rapid in early years the milestones start by being quite close together before becoming further apart as baby becomes a child and then a young adult. The aspects of development that children are measured on are physical, language, social and emotional, and intellect. From birth through to adulthood children continually grow, develop, and learn.
“Infant &toddlers Brain development” It is interesting to see how a human’s brain develops, epically from the time they are born till around three. This is when a baby is learning to adjust to their new world and learn things such motor skill, talk, walk, emotions, communication, social skills, leaning and more. While going through the different ages/months of a infant/toddlers brain, it was incredible to lean how in just short periods of months more and more skills are developed. The first stage from newborn to two months, they can already hear sounds (especially their mothers), turn their head and eyes to the person talking to them and can see movements from 9-12 inches. I liked the fact that it tells/ teaches you how to hold newborns, breastfeeding tip and strategies you can do with them at this stage.
Also during this period, the child will make great strides in language and social skills (Lockman, 2009, p.6). The text suggests that there are three major periods of a baby’s development through the first two years of life (Brooks, 2010, p. 211). During the development of self-period, infants’ visual, sensory and motor responses emerge and so it is important for new parents to ensure their baby is stimulated with things such as mobiles or even just playing with their newborn. Babies, even newborn babies, like being around people and engaging with people (Brooks, 2010, p. 215). Allowing for the newborn to have many interactions with both their parents and other newborns will start the development of their social and emotional skills.
Object permanence is a child's understanding that objects continue to exist even though they cannot be seen or heard. Also the reflex is when a baby is born to one month they understands the environment by inborn reactions such as sucking and looking. Next is when primary circular reaction when they find pleasure in something they repeat it. Secondary Circular Reactions 4-8 months they began to focus on important things. Coordination of Reactions 8-12 months is when the child starts to show clearly planned actions.
Understand child and young peoples development. 1.2) Explain the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the difference is important. Sequence of development is some thing that the child has to develop in order - for example they learn to recognise words before being able to attempt saying that word themselves or a baby has to learn to sit up and support their own weight before being able to crawl. The rate of development is the speed at which the child develops a skill. Some children’s rate of development is a lot faster then others, for example some babies learn to walk at 10 months while others don’t start walking until they are over a year old.
Joyce Chandler February 22, 2013 Influences on Childhood Development Instructor Plotts Psychology 304 Life-Span Development Introduction The birth of a child can bring forth excitement and new changes to the parents and others. As the child is introduce to this new world their bodies are also undergoing a change. Childhood development is a crucial phase in the development of the human being; especially during the period of development between birth and age of 8 in a child’s life (Santrock, 2011). This period is considered the precarious periods of time by which children should learn specific skills, if they are to learn them. This paper will discuss the important stages in the development as to how the child changes from physical, emotional, social, and cognitive perspective throughout this time period.
There is an expected pattern for children to develop from birth to 19 years, however it is important to realise that every child is different. The expected milestones are based on what most children will be capable of by age. Children’s development happens in step changes, they have large “jumps” then plateau, and so on. In all areas of a child’s development children start by learning through trial and error i.e. : poking and fiddling.
Physical Development: From birth a baby will start its development journey. At first a baby will lay on their back, then start lifting their head and kicking and will become fascinated by their own fingers and hand movements. By six months old, a baby can grasp objects, transfer them from hand to hand and as their head control is much improved, it becomes inevitable that with any object held, an attempt to put it in their mouth will be made. Mobility starts around the 9 month stage, starting off as rolling then progressing to shuffling, crawling, then finally attempts at walking unaided at 12 months. Every child is different and some children can go from shuffling to walking attempts, missing a big milestone such as crawling.