Development is the process of learning new skills and abilities. Development changes are a result of both environmental and genetic factors. Genetic factors are responsible for growth whilst the environmental factors are responsible for emotional development. The development of a child is sub categorised into difference key stages that take place during the first eight years of their life: Intellectual Physical Social and Emotional Language and Communication Intellectual 0-2 years: From birth – 3 months infants have the ability to focus on objects that are a few inches away from them. From 3-6 months they begin to develop their co-ordination and enjoy the stimulation of bright and shiny objects.
Allowing for the newborn to have many interactions with both their parents and other newborns will start the development of their social and emotional skills. When it comes to physical development, babies quickly develop muscle tone and by three months, most can raise their head when lying on their stomach and can open their hands and suck on their fingers (Spock, 2001, p.102). Their eyes can track a moving object and they are beginning to recognize faces. By seven months, an infant will reach for an object, sit up, roll over, babble and begin to show an interest in a mirror image. By their first
E1- Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in 2 areas of development. Physical Development: Physical development is important for 3 reasons Allows new learning to take place Allows further development-build on skills already perfected Enhances confidence/self esteem 0-6 months Babies learn how to control their muscles and movements. Baby’s development of fine motor skills can be watches hands and plays with fingers, clasps and unclasps hands and can hold a rattle for a moment. Its development of gross motor skills are, lifts head and chest up and waves arms and brings hands together over body. By one month, a baby can turns its head from side to side when lying on the back or belly, and can move its hands and arms.
Task 1. There are 4 different development types in which each individual experiences before they reach adulthood; physical development, intellectual development, language development and social and emotional development. Physical development begins before an individual is even born but the development really begins as soon as they are born. By 6 months of age an infant can usually turn their heads to the sounds of familiar words and voices and smile, they will also be able to hold and shake objects such as a rattle when they are introduced to play objects. By age 1 they will have developed more detail in what they can see so will be able to tell the difference between given food and given a play toy.
In a babies second year a babies physical development will continue and develop quickly. They will start to develop fine motor skills such as being able to hold small objects, dressing and undressing and will also enjoy climbing. Most babies at this stage will be walking. In their third year when they are toddlers they will be running and walking with more confidence, enjoy looking at books and feeding themselves. Communication and Intellectual development starts from the moment a baby is born.
1. Understand the pattern of development that would normally be expected for children and young people from birth – 19 yrs. 2.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspects of development that would normally be expected in children and young people from birth – 19 years. Children’s development is continuous and can be measured in a number of different ways. Although all children will develop at different rates and in different ways, the sequence in which they develop will be roughly the same as they need to have developed one skill, for example walking, before they move on to develop another such as running and jumping.
Language development: • A six month old baby will be able to make a variety of happy sounds. • will respond to music and singing • will mirror their parent’s movements and expressions. 6 TO 12 MONTHS BABY Physical development: • The toddler will have learnt to sit first with support, and then without. • will be able to roll over • he will begin to crawl or shuffle • he will be able to stand with support • he will raise his arms when he wants to be lifted • he will respond to his name • he will pass objects from hand to hand • Look for things that have been hidden and reach for food. Social and emotional development: • Baby will develop “Separation Anxiety” (some babies develop it earlier or
As the new born grows into a young person he can take care of his or her own body and interact effectively with others. For these reasons, the primary developmental task of this stage is skill development. (Eamon, 2001) Physically, between the ages of three and five years, children continue to grow rapidly and begin to develop adequate motor skills. They began to master typical many skills like sitting, walking, and toilet training, using a spoon, scribbling and hand and eye coordination to catch and throw a ball. By age of five most children demonstrate fairly good control of pencils, crayons, and scissors.
Physical Development: From birth a baby will start its development journey. At first a baby will lay on their back, then start lifting their head and kicking and will become fascinated by their own fingers and hand movements. By six months old, a baby can grasp objects, transfer them from hand to hand and as their head control is much improved, it becomes inevitable that with any object held, an attempt to put it in their mouth will be made. Mobility starts around the 9 month stage, starting off as rolling then progressing to shuffling, crawling, then finally attempts at walking unaided at 12 months. Every child is different and some children can go from shuffling to walking attempts, missing a big milestone such as crawling.
Object permanence is a child's understanding that objects continue to exist even though they cannot be seen or heard. Also the reflex is when a baby is born to one month they understands the environment by inborn reactions such as sucking and looking. Next is when primary circular reaction when they find pleasure in something they repeat it. Secondary Circular Reactions 4-8 months they began to focus on important things. Coordination of Reactions 8-12 months is when the child starts to show clearly planned actions.