As they progress up to 12 months they will learn to watch movements of their own hands, they will be able to roll over, sit with support, sit without support, reach out for toys when sitting, and crawl or shuffle along the floor. By 12 months most babies will be able to stand alone, or walk by holding on this is known as cruising. Children will also start to show their preferred hand, they will pick up things from the floor with a pincer grip. Children will start to kick and throw balls, walk with thier parent holding their hand downstairs. In the second year most children will start to walk on their own, they will enjoy climbing on furniture, walking up and down the stairs.
Unit 201 – Child and young person development Outcome 1) Know the main stages of child and young person development 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. a) Physical development Between birth and 6 months an infant begins to develop a rhythm of feeding, sleeping and eliminating which may correspond with the primary care givers sleeping patterns. The infant will also gain control of eye movement and develop basic motor control so they will be able to balance their head, roll over, pull self to sitting and may briefly sit alone. This will help normal muscle development as the infant grows rapidly, doubling their birth weight. By 12 months the infant will be able to crawl and may be beginning to walk, they will use large objects, furniture and people to pull themselves to standing.
Physical development is usually very rapid early on in the child’s development. Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them. By 6 months as their muscles begin to develop they will reach for and hold objects which they will also put into their mouths. By one year old they are beginning to crawl or shuffle, pulling or pushing on furniture to stand and then cruise using furniture or adult for support. Sitting has progressed to unaided and they are rolling from their front to their back.
CYP Core 3.1 Understand child and young person development 1. Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years. 1.1 Explain the sequence rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years. Social , emotional, behaviour and moral development Birth to 3 years Early from birth a baby can respond to touch and sound, will recognise a parent or carers voice and will stare at bright shiny objects. Even from a few months old they will smile and engage with their carer and by four months can vocalise by ‘babbling’ and ‘cooing’.
Unit 331 understand child and young person development. 1.1 Sequence and rate of development is all dependant on the individual child/young person, their physical, communication, intellectual and social development is crucial to understand in order to help them. 0 to 3 years old babies are new to this atmosphere they use small muscle movements such as reflexes, sucking, smiling and raising their hands. By 5 months they begin to roll over and shuffle, at 8 months they pull and push on toys/furniture/anything and everything to stand and then glide using the same method of transport. At this stage they are now becoming more curious and want to play with toys, teeth are beginning to sprout and they are now eating solids.
Assessment task – CYPOP 1 Work with babies and young children to promote their development and learning Outcomes 1 and 3 – 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 1.1 There are six aspects of development for children which are all linked, each affecting the others. These are; Physical development Intellectual development Language development Emotional development Social development Spiritual development In the first month of life a baby lies on their back. If laid on their tummy they will turn their head to one side. Towards the end of the first month they will be able to lift their head when in this position. They will turn their head towards light and shiny objects and are fascinated with the human face.
It is important to understand and remember that although children usually develop in the same sequence, the rate of their development can vary from child to child and will vary with regards to each child’s abilities, gender, race and needs. Here is the typical sequence and rate of development for children that would normally be expected. Physical Development 0-1 years old: The first year of a baby’s life is the most important for brain development and the impact that it will have on the children and their learning throughout their lives. During the first month of their lives, a baby will hold its head and in time they will bear weight and begin to roll over. By 6-9 months, the baby is able to sit unsupported and will then begin to pull themselves up into a standing position.
For example, children must first learn to crawl and to pull up to a standing position before they are able to walk. Each milestone that a child acquires builds on the last milestone developed. We now know that our brains are not fully developed at birth. In fact, a baby's brain weighs about one quarter (1/4) of what an adult's brain weighs! The brain grows very rapidly during the first several years of life.
Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them. By 6 months as their muscles begin to develop they will reach for and hold objects which they will also put into their mouths. By one year old they are beginning to crawl or shuffle, pulling or pushing on furniture to stand and then cruise using furniture or adult for support. Sitting has progressed to unaided and they are rolling from their front to their back. They are beginning to be inquisitive with objects, passing them between hands, handling them in different ways and looking for things that are hiding.
TDA 2.1 Child And Young Person Development 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: - Physical Development - Communication and Intellectual Development - Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development 1.2 Describe with examples how different aspects of development can affect one another. Birth – 3 Months Physical Development: * From birth a baby’s reflexes allow them to turn their head to suckle when you touch their cheek. * The baby can flex their fingers, arms and legs. * By 1 month a baby should be able to follow a light with their eyes, if only for a short period of time. * From 4-8 weeks babies should be able to slightly lift their head when laid on their front.