It will also affect the foetus. | Pregnancy | By 6 months the baby starts to move | Responsive to voices and sounds | The baby can feel emotion if the mam is feeling upset or stressed. Talking to the baby or even playing music will comfort the baby whilst it’s in the womb. | | Birth and infancy 0-3 years | A newborn baby is able to listen to noises and voices around them; this helps them recognise the voice of the carer and others. The baby will grasp objects or a finger in which they will put in the palm of their hands.
At one month a babies gross motor skills become noticeable, however minute, when placed on their front a baby will lie with their head turned to side and is able to begin to lift their head slightly although if placed in the sitting position their head will lag and fall forward. Gross motor skills are also apparent at one month; a child will turn their head towards light and stare at bright shiny objects, they also have a fascination with faces and will often gaze at a carers face when being held or fed. A baby will give a noticeable reaction to loud noises but they may also be soothed by particular music. At two months a baby is able to turn from lying on their side to being on their back and has the ability to grasp objects for a short amount of time before dropping them, like a rattle for example. At three months a child has become more aware of their limbs and begins to flail their arms and legs, their neck at this stage is slightly stronger and less likely to lag in the sitting position.
Babies at around this mile stone will also be able to point to objects and deliberately throw objects. From the age of around 9 months babies will stand by themselves and move around the room by holding on to the furniture and eventually walk without being assisted. Communication and intellectual development. The pattern that babies intellectually developer and communicate if firstly by crying when they need something such as feeding or they in pain. They will learn to coo and turn their heads to the direction of the sound.
Task 1. There are 4 different development types in which each individual experiences before they reach adulthood; physical development, intellectual development, language development and social and emotional development. Physical development begins before an individual is even born but the development really begins as soon as they are born. By 6 months of age an infant can usually turn their heads to the sounds of familiar words and voices and smile, they will also be able to hold and shake objects such as a rattle when they are introduced to play objects. By age 1 they will have developed more detail in what they can see so will be able to tell the difference between given food and given a play toy.
an appropriate size/shaped rattle. He/she learn to roll from side on to back and try to lift head, he/she also needs opportunities to play and exercise with items such as soft toys, cloth books and a play matt with different textures and sounds to help progress their physical development, their grasp reflex diminishes as hand and eye coordination begins to develop. Communication and intellectual development at 0 to 3 months. He/she will start to recognise familiar voices and stop crying when hearing them, they are more likely to recognise their parents voice and concentrate on them rather than unfamiliar ones, he/she are also aware of other sounds and will turn their head toward the sound. A baby of this age will respond to smiles and will move their whole body in response to sound/ to attract attention, he/she sees everything in relation to their self this is know as Egocentric.
Infancy (Birth – 2 Years) During the first two years of life, many dramatic developmental changes occur (McDevitt, T. M., & Ormrod, J. E. 2004). Each baby is unique and develops at his or her own rate. At infancy the child is completely dependent on others. Features of early care such as affectionate, individualized, and responsive attention to infants; positive relationships with parents and other family members; and provision of a safe and interesting environment – help get infants off to a good start. Early Childhood (2-6 Years) Early childhood is a period of incredible creativity, fantasy, wonder, and play (McDevitt, T. M., & Ormrod, J. E. 2004).
| If the baby is pulled into a sitting position, the head will lag the back curves over and the head falls forward. | The baby’s hands are usually tightly closed. | | The baby reacts to loud sounds but by one month may be soothed by particular music | The first month Communication and language Development | Babies need to share language experiences and cooperate with others from birth onwards. Babies need other people from the start. | The baby responds to sounds especially familiar sounds.
Assignment 023 Understand Child and Young Person Development A1. Below is a table that shows the sequence and rate of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years. Physical development | Intellectual and cognitive development | Communication development | Social, emotional and behavioural development | Moral development | 0 – 3 months Baby begins life in reflex mode. Reflex actions such as suckling, rooting enable baby’s survival. | Baby may recognise smell and sound of mother, baby stops crying when it hears a familiar voice.
It may also occur as a result of human nature and our ability to learn from our environment. Human beings have a keen sense to adapt to their surroundings and this is what child development encompasses. Every child would struggle to find their culture and identity in child development. | Birth – 1 Month • Sleeps 20 hours a day • Crying – main form of communication (fosters early interaction) • Begins to have distinct facial expressions • Moves around more • Focuses both eyes together • Can detect smells • Sensitive to touch • Uses reflexes • Focuses on source of sound | | 2 – 3 Months • Visual and oral exploration • Cries, coos, and grunts • Emotional distress • Smiles at a face (social smiling) • Imitates some movements and facial expressions • Begins to realize he/she is a separate person from others • Can be comforted by a familiar adult • Can respond positively to
Communication and intellectual development As babies, children communicate through crying and quietening with increasing sophistication. Before they are a year old, infants will generally attempt to say simple words. By the time they are between one and two years old they will use around 30 to 40 words and by three years old they will be able to use full, complex sentences. When a child starts school aged six, they will develop their social skills through