Assessment task – CYPOP 1 Work with babies and young children to promote their development and learning Outcomes 1 and 3 – 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3 1.1 There are six aspects of development for children which are all linked, each affecting the others. These are; Physical development Intellectual development Language development Emotional development Social development Spiritual development In the first month of life a baby lies on their back. If laid on their tummy they will turn their head to one side. Towards the end of the first month they will be able to lift their head when in this position. They will turn their head towards light and shiny objects and are fascinated with the human face.
It is important to understand and remember that although children usually develop in the same sequence, the rate of their development can vary from child to child and will vary with regards to each child’s abilities, gender, race and needs. Here is the typical sequence and rate of development for children that would normally be expected. Physical Development 0-1 years old: The first year of a baby’s life is the most important for brain development and the impact that it will have on the children and their learning throughout their lives. During the first month of their lives, a baby will hold its head and in time they will bear weight and begin to roll over. By 6-9 months, the baby is able to sit unsupported and will then begin to pull themselves up into a standing position.
Unit 201 – Child and young person development Outcome 1) Know the main stages of child and young person development 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. a) Physical development Between birth and 6 months an infant begins to develop a rhythm of feeding, sleeping and eliminating which may correspond with the primary care givers sleeping patterns. The infant will also gain control of eye movement and develop basic motor control so they will be able to balance their head, roll over, pull self to sitting and may briefly sit alone. This will help normal muscle development as the infant grows rapidly, doubling their birth weight. By 12 months the infant will be able to crawl and may be beginning to walk, they will use large objects, furniture and people to pull themselves to standing.
They can reach to hold their feet when lying on their backs, . A 6 month old should be able to look and reach for objects, and when holding an object; shake it or put it in their mouth. Between 6 months and 1 year a child will progress to rolling from their stomachs onto their backs, sitting; first with support them unaided for short periods of time and shuffle on their bottoms of crawl. Some children may miss the shuffling stage and crawl straight away. Children will respond to adults in more advaced ways than priror to 6 months, they will raise their arms to be lifted by an adult, turn and look when their hear their name called, and lean against adults to reach a standing position.
Assignment 023 Understand Child and Young Person Development A1. Below is a table that shows the sequence and rate of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years. Physical development | Intellectual and cognitive development | Communication development | Social, emotional and behavioural development | Moral development | 0 – 3 months Baby begins life in reflex mode. Reflex actions such as suckling, rooting enable baby’s survival. | Baby may recognise smell and sound of mother, baby stops crying when it hears a familiar voice.
an appropriate size/shaped rattle. He/she learn to roll from side on to back and try to lift head, he/she also needs opportunities to play and exercise with items such as soft toys, cloth books and a play matt with different textures and sounds to help progress their physical development, their grasp reflex diminishes as hand and eye coordination begins to develop. Communication and intellectual development at 0 to 3 months. He/she will start to recognise familiar voices and stop crying when hearing them, they are more likely to recognise their parents voice and concentrate on them rather than unfamiliar ones, he/she are also aware of other sounds and will turn their head toward the sound. A baby of this age will respond to smiles and will move their whole body in response to sound/ to attract attention, he/she sees everything in relation to their self this is know as Egocentric.
| If the baby is pulled into a sitting position, the head will lag the back curves over and the head falls forward. | The baby’s hands are usually tightly closed. | | The baby reacts to loud sounds but by one month may be soothed by particular music | The first month Communication and language Development | Babies need to share language experiences and cooperate with others from birth onwards. Babies need other people from the start. | The baby responds to sounds especially familiar sounds.
Even from a few months old they will smile and engage with their carer and by four months can vocalise by ‘babbling’ and ‘cooing’. From six months old an infant will become more interested in social interaction, although that depends on the amount of time spent with other children and his/hers personality, they will also have a fear of strangers and distress at the separation of a parent or carer. By the time they are nine months old an infant can recognise familiar and unfamiliar faces. From one year ‘temper tantrums’ may have begun. They become more demanding and assertive and can express rage at being told ‘no’, they have no idea of sharing and a strong sense of ‘mine’.
It may also occur as a result of human nature and our ability to learn from our environment. Human beings have a keen sense to adapt to their surroundings and this is what child development encompasses. Every child would struggle to find their culture and identity in child development. | Birth – 1 Month • Sleeps 20 hours a day • Crying – main form of communication (fosters early interaction) • Begins to have distinct facial expressions • Moves around more • Focuses both eyes together • Can detect smells • Sensitive to touch • Uses reflexes • Focuses on source of sound | | 2 – 3 Months • Visual and oral exploration • Cries, coos, and grunts • Emotional distress • Smiles at a face (social smiling) • Imitates some movements and facial expressions • Begins to realize he/she is a separate person from others • Can be comforted by a familiar adult • Can respond positively to
Language development. Your baby will now shout for attention and by around 8 months your baby's babbling will develop into speech, and she may start using dual syllables such as mamma, dadda, and by 12 months may be able to say between 2 and 6 words, and may imitate adult sounds such as coughing and smacking lips. Your baby may now understand words such as no and bye, bye, and may begin to hand objects to an adult when asked, such as can you pass mummy your