Unit 331 understand child and young person development. 1.1 Sequence and rate of development is all dependant on the individual child/young person, their physical, communication, intellectual and social development is crucial to understand in order to help them. 0 to 3 years old babies are new to this atmosphere they use small muscle movements such as reflexes, sucking, smiling and raising their hands. By 5 months they begin to roll over and shuffle, at 8 months they pull and push on toys/furniture/anything and everything to stand and then glide using the same method of transport. At this stage they are now becoming more curious and want to play with toys, teeth are beginning to sprout and they are now eating solids.
A good way to teach this to a child who is having problems with synthetic patterns, is to give them books, like Cat in the Hat by Dr. Seuss. Orally repeating words that sound alike and practicing writing them as we say them. As we do this the child will be able to say that –at makes this sound in a words, which will help them learn new and bigger words. Also a good way to use this type of instruction is to use actual objects and have the child sort them by the way they sound, then writing those words, and then making sentences out of them. Alternative #2: Spelling Based Instruction, on pages 234 and 235, is an approach that focuses on each child individual level of knowledge.
While Piaget’s cognitive theory consists of four stages (sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational) that children go through as they grow, McCrink and Wynn proposed a different theory of cognitive development. They developed a deeper theory suggesting that children are able to understand object permanence at an earlier age, 5-6 months, because they are able to track objects, or at least a very small limited amount at a time (McCrink & Wynn, 2004). This is because infants can remember and file objects in memory of the few objects that exist before them. In addition to object permanence, they can also discern when objects are added or subtracted before them not because
Development is often referred to on a timeline and is broken down in ages. As development is more rapid in early years the milestones start by being quite close together before becoming further apart as baby becomes a child and then a young adult. The aspects of development that children are measured on are physical, language, social and emotional, and intellect. Physical development is usually very rapid early on in the child’s development. Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them.
They would enjoy looking at, and turning the pages of books. At this age they should be able to use a cup and feed themselves. At 3-7 years. At this stage, children will be refining the skills developed so far, they will have more confidence and more control over the fine motor skills such as cutting, writing and drawing. At 7-12 year.
At birth, babies already know they are similar to other people. By nine months, babies can differentiate between expressions of happiness, sadness, and anger. By the age of one year, babies develop an understanding of appropriate responses to their environment by observing the people around them. At a year and a half, babies learn that people have different desires and attitudes. By two years old, children begin testing and exploring this idea.
It is important to understand and remember that although children usually develop in the same sequence, the rate of their development can vary from child to child and will vary with regards to each child’s abilities, gender, race and needs. Here is the typical sequence and rate of development for children that would normally be expected. Physical Development 0-1 years old: The first year of a baby’s life is the most important for brain development and the impact that it will have on the children and their learning throughout their lives. During the first month of their lives, a baby will hold its head and in time they will bear weight and begin to roll over. By 6-9 months, the baby is able to sit unsupported and will then begin to pull themselves up into a standing position.
Between the ages of 3 and 12 a child greatly develops their hand eye coordination through activities such as drawing, painting and sports. By the age of 7 a child will be able to throw, catch and kick a ball with some accuracy which helps muscle development as well as coordination. The child will be very active and experience growth spurts. They will also be able to eat independently with the correct utensils, and tend to their own toileting needs. Children may develop nervous habits such as foot tapping at around the age of 8, this could pass but might become an involuntary
At the age from 3 to 4, the first conscious form occurs. The first representational attempt is a person, usually with circle for head and two vertical lines for legs. Later other forms develop, clearly recognizable and often quite complex. Children continually search for new concepts so symbols constantly change. And at the age of 6, the child arrives at a "schema," a definite way of portraying an object, although it will be modified when he needs to portray something important.
an appropriate size/shaped rattle. He/she learn to roll from side on to back and try to lift head, he/she also needs opportunities to play and exercise with items such as soft toys, cloth books and a play matt with different textures and sounds to help progress their physical development, their grasp reflex diminishes as hand and eye coordination begins to develop. Communication and intellectual development at 0 to 3 months. He/she will start to recognise familiar voices and stop crying when hearing them, they are more likely to recognise their parents voice and concentrate on them rather than unfamiliar ones, he/she are also aware of other sounds and will turn their head toward the sound. A baby of this age will respond to smiles and will move their whole body in response to sound/ to attract attention, he/she sees everything in relation to their self this is know as Egocentric.