Between the ages of 1 and 2 a child will normally be walking, pulling themselves up on furniture and pulling/pushing toys. Aged 2 to 3 years they will learn how to hold a pencil in the correct way and turn marks on paper into scribbles, towers will be built with bricks and balls will be kicked. As they go from 3 years to 7 years their physical skills are normally improving and they are becoming more confident, climbing, running and jumping. Also dressing themselves becomes an easier task. As they grow hand eye coordination gets better and threading small beads onto string becomes easier.
TDA 2.01 Child and young person development. 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: * Physical development * Communication and intellectual development * Social, emotional and behavioural development The stages of a child’s development can be measured through examining how social, emotional, physical , intellectual and language skills change in milestones throughout their growth. Physical Development At the earliest stages of a child’s development their gross motor skills begin to develop. This is where a baby learns to move and use its arms, legs and feet. This will involve crawling, jumping, and attempting to pick up objects.
They are able to get things they want for themselves for example reaching for their blanket or toy without any support. They become more curious about things around them and start to investigate by placing things inside their mouths; however this could also be due to teething. Babies begin to play with their hands/fingers, by clasping them together and unclasping them and also raising their hands as a symbol to people. | A child’s communication and intellectual development from 3 to 6 months Sounds and noises will become that little bit more familiar and the baby will try and mimic what it is they can hear for example the sounds animals make. This alone will continue to progress.
By six months a babies muscles will begin to develop, so they will reach out and hold objects in their hands. They develop their social and emotional development by responding to voices and face’s especially that of their close family. Children’s language development usually begins in there first three-six months. They will start making new and different noises and display their feelings by crying, squealing and laughing and enjoy vocal play, trying to mimic movements and sounds. By one they will begin to crawl or shuffle along, pulling themselves up onto furniture or pushing on things to stand up using furniture as a support to move themselves along.
By the age of one; they have a lot more control over their bodies. In this stage, they are beginning to crawl, shuffle, pull or push on things to stand. Between 1 and 2 years walking will begin and toys will be pulled or pushed along whilst walking. They enjoy attempting to feed themselves with finger foods. Waving goodbye becomes fun they will begin to point to what they want and shake their head to mean ‘no’.
Communication and speech development: this is learning to communicate with friends, family and all others. It is important to remember that all the areas of development link together. From being a tiny helpless being at birth, by the age of 19 years, children change to highly complex young people who have all the basic skills for life, including talking, running, writing and the ability to think in academic ways. From being relatively immobile babies, children are able to walk, run, skip and climb. From not being able to talk, children become capable communicators.
Babies would shake, knock over toys to learn. As they develop (three-five) they will do things such as finger painting, playing in water or sand, feeling different objects and collecting things such as leaves/bugs. Physical coordination- When engaging in physical activities the child is strengthen their physical coordination ways to do this is through play which can be a number of things from clapping to climbing The Importance of Play and Development AGE 1-2 YEARS Musical instruments Outline of activity- Playing musical instruments The activity will encourage communication by- listening to each other play beats, hearing different sounds and having fun The activity will encourage social and emotional development by- Smiling and interacting with other children The activity will encourage cognitive development by- Using fine and gross motor skills, associating different sounds. The Importance of Play in Development AGES 3-4 YEARS Reading activity Outline of activity- Reading books in a group Resources needed- Adult, children and books The activity will encourage communication by- Speaking and listen and by asking
| They may interact with sounds and be social by listening to other voices. | 3–6 months | Babies will begin to use their hands and feet to become more physical. | They may use their hands to grasp on to colourful eye catching toys. | Babies will make different sounds to express their feelings, such as laughing and squealing. | Babies become more alert to new things and use facial expressions to socialise with others, for example a baby may smile at an adult or laugh at them.
By age one; they have much more control over their bodies. They are beginning to crawl, shuffle, pulling or pushing on things to stand etc. Between 1 and 2 years walking will begin and toys will be pulled or pushed along whilst walking. They enjoy trying to feed themselves with finger foods. Waving goodbye becomes fun they will begin to point to what they want and shake their head to mean ‘no’.
no, hug, they will also imitate sounds like a cough or noises like brrrr’ and will enjoy songs and nursery rhymes that have actions. Babies will have favourite toys by now and will choose between toys which a personal, emotional and social skill is as is showing enjoyment to a certain nursery rhyme or song. 9 – 12 Months By now most babies will be able to hold a cup and even be able to feed themselves with a spoon, they may be able to rise to a standing position without any help and even walk a few steps, they may throw toys using their whole arm and be able to point and look to where others point and be able to clap their hands along with others or to show they are happy. Clapping hands and pointing implies some understanding of how others see and think which an intellectual skill