Baby will reach to grab objects and those objects start to go in their mouths. By the time they are a year old, a child will sit unaided, will start to crawl or shuffle and will be able to stand with support. Baby will raise his arms to be lifted and respond to his name. Hand to eye co-ordination improves and baby now looks for hidden objects, reaches for food and passes objects from hand to hand. From 1 to 2 years, baby will start walking and toys will usually be pushed or pulled along as an aid.
The first teeth tend to start appearing at around this age. Between the age of 1 and 2 children will begin to start walking around, children will also begin to start exploring and playing with toys in more depth, attempting to build towers, and using toys and other objects to make different noises. Children will also begin to start showing a preference for a hand, for example when eating or drawing/painting a child will prefer to use their right hand over their left hand. Children will now enjoy to start feeding themselves starting off with finger foods and then progressing on to a spoon/fork, they will also use a cup to drink from using both hands. Children will begin to start copying parent’s gestures, and
Shortly after they will start to roll, sit up without any adults or objects supporting them. They will be able to hold toys for longer and put objects in their mouths, this is how they explore the objects. Before babies start to crawl they usually follow the same pattern and move backwards before being able to move forward. Not all babies will crawl some will bum shuffle or bare walk. Babies at around this mile stone will also be able to point to objects and deliberately throw objects.
THE EXPECTED PATTERN OF DEVELOPMENT FOR CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE FROM BIRTH TO 19 YEARS. Age 0-1 Physical development When a baby is born they have reflexes for swallowing and sucking. By one month they can be soothed by their mother’s voice and will try to focus on her face. At three months they should be able to lift and turn their head and at 6 months will enjoy playing and reaching out for toys. Communicative development A baby will cry when hungry right from day one.
They are able to walk in a straight line. When they reach age of five their motor skills will improve and their drawing skills will resemble the objects they are creating. As the child grows their development will improve along their confidence. Intellectual – In the early months babies will recognise smell of mother’s milk and will straight away turn towards it. Can distinguish the volume and pitch of different sound.
At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them feed or grasp whenever they touch something. By age one; they have much more control over their bodies. They are beginning to crawl, shuffle, pulling or pushing on things to stand etc. Between 1 and 2 years Walking will begin and toys will be pulled or pushed along whilst walking. They enjoy trying to feed themselves with finger foods.
They will start to roll over and may begin to start to crawl. They will be able to stand with support from either parents or with the help of furniture. From about 8 months they will be able to put objects into containers and take them out again. The need for play and exercise increases either in the bath or with soft toys and board books. 9-18 months.
The children's confidence increases all the time from learing and doing these things from practising. Toilet training should of been completed and children can dress and undress themselves but may still need help in tying shoelaces. 7-12 Years: Children can engage in things like playing sport, playing a musical instrument and dancing. Their ability to hit a ball for instance is much better and controlled due to their co-ordination improving. For girls some will start puberty at the age of about 10, their breats will start to swell and their body shapes will become more curvy and rounder.
Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them. By 6 months as their muscles begin to develop they will reach for and hold objects which they will also put into their mouths. By one year old they are beginning to crawl or shuffle, pulling or pushing on furniture to stand and then cruise using furniture or adult for support. Sitting has progressed to unaided and they are rolling from their front to their back. They are beginning to be inquisitive with objects, passing them between hands, handling them in different ways and looking for things that are hiding.
Physically: Gross and fine motor skills are improved learning to co-ordinate movement. This all is supported by the strengthening of their bodies. In terms of gross motor skills, by the age of 1 year old, most of the babies are able to control their neck and back muscles which means being able to control the weight of their own head so they can turn their head towards sounds and movements. This strengthening of their bodies also allows them to sit alone, without support . They will be able to pull or push against adult hands or furniture to reach a standing position between 6 months-1 year.