Middle childhood aged children gain weight and height at a steady pace during this stage. More control motor skills grant them increased fluency in reading and drawing. The beginnings of specific athletic abilities are uncovered in this stage through their participation in organized sports. Permanent teeth emerge to replace the baby teeth that they have began to lose. Physical and social development
At 7-8 months of age a child should begin to stand with some support. By 8 months, the child will begin crawling on their hands and knees with help. At 12 months a child will then use index finger and thumb to pick up small objects and can point to objects with the index finger. 12 to 24 Months The ability for a child to stand alone takes a bit longer so usually about 12-14 months a child would be walking. Between 13 and 15 months, walking skills increase and can begin to walk, a child may walk holding onto the furniture although some children may be walking unaided.
A child’s hand eye coordination improves and they develop the ability to do tasks such as jump rope, hit a ball and use things such as pencils and crayons with better control. Although growth has slowed down in this stage, children start to lose the baby look in appearance and their arms and legs begin to grow and balance out with the rest of their body. In middle childhood people will see a noticeable growth in a child’s size. They will develop in both height and weight. Primary teeth will also be
| 16-19 years | The body is being shaped and defined at a quick rate. | Physical Development Understanding Child and Young Person Development Intellectual and Cognitive Development Age Range | Sequence and rate of development | 0-3 months | Can recognise the sound of their mother voice, will start to stop crying when hearing her voice. | 3-6 months | At this stage children and young people are learning more about the things going on around them, such as mobile and toys. | 6-9 months | Are more aware of what’s going on around them, Will be exploring things with their things with their fingers and mouth. | 9-12 months | At this stage more and more things will be going into their mouth as they begin to explore everything they can get their hands on.
1. Know the main stages of child and young person development. 2.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: Physical, Fine and Gross Development 0-3 yrs – During the first years of development babies have little control over their movement and use reflexes to manage in day to day actives. When they reach the age of one they learn to have more control over their bodies allowing them to learn new skills such as: Crawling and rolling, in between the ages of one and two they are developing quickly and are able to control their movement a lot better enabling them to clap their hands, pointing, picking up small objects, getting themselves ready. They will also will be able to enjoy certain activities for example, going to the park and attempting climbing frames or going down the slide.
“Infant &toddlers Brain development” It is interesting to see how a human’s brain develops, epically from the time they are born till around three. This is when a baby is learning to adjust to their new world and learn things such motor skill, talk, walk, emotions, communication, social skills, leaning and more. While going through the different ages/months of a infant/toddlers brain, it was incredible to lean how in just short periods of months more and more skills are developed. The first stage from newborn to two months, they can already hear sounds (especially their mothers), turn their head and eyes to the person talking to them and can see movements from 9-12 inches. I liked the fact that it tells/ teaches you how to hold newborns, breastfeeding tip and strategies you can do with them at this stage.
Understand child and young peoples development. 1.2) Explain the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the difference is important. Sequence of development is some thing that the child has to develop in order - for example they learn to recognise words before being able to attempt saying that word themselves or a baby has to learn to sit up and support their own weight before being able to crawl. The rate of development is the speed at which the child develops a skill. Some children’s rate of development is a lot faster then others, for example some babies learn to walk at 10 months while others don’t start walking until they are over a year old.
Communication and Intellectual development starts from the moment a baby is born. In cases where a baby has been neglected from this early stage it is found that they will experience difficulties in effective communication later in life. Babies enjoy listening to songs and games and most sill start to speak by around 12 months old. Between the ages of 1-2 they will be able to form short sentences and by the age of 2 will have a vocabulary of around 200 words. By the age of 3 a child will be using negatives and plurals in their speech and vocabulary will increase rapidly.
They will show a series of reflexes such as grasping or sucking. They need these to survive. Over the next 12 months they will develop more control and eventually should improve mobility such as rolling or crawling. In the next 12 months babies will quickly develop and most children will start to take steps onto walking. They are also able to control their movement.
The baby can respond to sound and their heart will beat faster if a light is shined on the mother’s abdomen. The baby now has hair, eyelashes and eyebrows, as well as a strong grip and kick. By months 6 to 9, the baby can suck their thumb and will be more active when the mother lies down. How the mother feels affects the fetal activity. There is plenty of room in the womb so the baby can move around.