E1- Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in 2 areas of development. Physical Development: Physical development is important for 3 reasons Allows new learning to take place Allows further development-build on skills already perfected Enhances confidence/self esteem 0-6 months Babies learn how to control their muscles and movements. Baby’s development of fine motor skills can be watches hands and plays with fingers, clasps and unclasps hands and can hold a rattle for a moment. Its development of gross motor skills are, lifts head and chest up and waves arms and brings hands together over body. By one month, a baby can turns its head from side to side when lying on the back or belly, and can move its hands and arms.
Physical 0-3 In this developmental stage, a new born baby is helpless, they cannot control their movements. By 3 months, a baby can hold their head up, hold certain objects and has established eye contact. By 6 months, the baby can roll over from their stomach and has an increase of visual sense. By the time the baby is 1 years old, they can sit unsupported, crawl and can hold a bottle by themself. They also start to develop good balance which will help them in the process of walking and standing.
Also during this period, the child will make great strides in language and social skills (Lockman, 2009, p.6). The text suggests that there are three major periods of a baby’s development through the first two years of life (Brooks, 2010, p. 211). During the development of self-period, infants’ visual, sensory and motor responses emerge and so it is important for new parents to ensure their baby is stimulated with things such as mobiles or even just playing with their newborn. Babies, even newborn babies, like being around people and engaging with people (Brooks, 2010, p. 215). Allowing for the newborn to have many interactions with both their parents and other newborns will start the development of their social and emotional skills.
Every child is different and some children can go from shuffling to walking attempts, missing a big milestone such as crawling. Between a child’s first and second birthday, they will become much more mobile and from their first attempts at walking, they will become more confident with walking, running, climbing and throwing. By three years old a child will have learnt most methods of movement. They will be able to walk backwards, sideways and on tiptoes. They may even be confident enough to jump from low heights, and be able to ride a tricycle.
Some children’s rate of development is a lot faster then others, for example some babies learn to walk at 10 months while others don’t start walking until they are over a year old. It is important to know the difference because when working with children you can observe firstly the sequence of their development to see if they are developing how they should be I.E supporting their head and then learning to sit up and also to be able to plan effectively for the child you are working with. Also it is important to know the difference between sequence and rate of development because you need to be able to observe what rate they are developing at to see if they developing as they should be and if they need and extra support in some areas such as communication for example. 2.1) Explain how children and young peoples development is influenced by a range of personal factors A child’s development may be different to the development of a child that is the same age as them. This could be down to such factors as their health, family up bringing or environment.
Free 14 Day Trial. www.ReadingEggs.co.uk Sponsored Links 3 to 6 Months At 3 months of age, an infant progresses to lifting the head and chest up when lying in its belly and may press up with its arms. A 3-month-old kicks its legs when lying on the belly or back, and bats at and briefly grasps toys, according to Healthy Children. The Hawaii Early Learning Profile indicates that between 3 and 4 months, he begins rolling with belly to back first, and back to belly closer to 6 months. 6 to 12 Months The following average ages of motor milestone achievement come from a 1996 study by the World Health Organization.
The progression from 6 months to 2 year sees a child become more active and stable in their movements and activities. They are strong enough to be able to sit unaided and can pull themselves up to a standing position by using a stationary object to help them find their balance. Movement usually consists of shuffling or crawling to reach their intended target and they are able to grasp things and exchange objects from hand to hand with more confidence. Recognition of their name is also expected at this age. From the age of 2 a child becomes more able to find their balance and move around unaided.
CYP 3.1 2.3 Explain how the theories of development frameworks to support development influence current practice Researched from How Children Learn by Linda Pound Jean Piaget - Cognitive Piaget was interested in intellectual development. He identified 4 stages of development from birth through to adulthood. These are Sensorimotor Piaget called the first 2 years of a child's life the sensorimotor stage. This is when babies/toddlers knowledge and understanding are chiefly drawn from physical action and their sight, sound, taste, touch and smell (senses). Preoperational This is the stage from the age of 2 year up to the age of around 6 or 7 years old.
Communication and Intellectual development starts from the moment a baby is born. In cases where a baby has been neglected from this early stage it is found that they will experience difficulties in effective communication later in life. Babies enjoy listening to songs and games and most sill start to speak by around 12 months old. Between the ages of 1-2 they will be able to form short sentences and by the age of 2 will have a vocabulary of around 200 words. By the age of 3 a child will be using negatives and plurals in their speech and vocabulary will increase rapidly.
1. Understand the pattern of development that would normally be expected for children and young people from birth – 19 yrs. 2.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspects of development that would normally be expected in children and young people from birth – 19 years. Children’s development is continuous and can be measured in a number of different ways. Although all children will develop at different rates and in different ways, the sequence in which they develop will be roughly the same as they need to have developed one skill, for example walking, before they move on to develop another such as running and jumping.