Nvq Level 3 Residential Childcare Unit 1

3532 Words15 Pages
UNIT 1: Understand the development of Children and Young People in Residential Care 1.1.- Research and then explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of normal development from birth – 19 years. Understanding development as a progression by which children change throughout different stages improving skills, behaviours and knowledge of themselves and the world around them. Normal development of children from birth to 19 is divided in different stages. Each stage is, at the same time, composed of different areas of development: Physical Intellectual (cognitive) Communication Social, emotional and behavioural Moral BIRTH TO 3 YEARS In this stage children develop in all different areas extremely rapidly. Physically: Gross and fine motor skills are improved learning to co-ordinate movement. This all is supported by the strengthening of their bodies. In terms of gross motor skills, by the age of 1 year old, most of the babies are able to control their neck and back muscles which means being able to control the weight of their own head so they can turn their head towards sounds and movements. This strengthening of their bodies also allows them to sit alone, without support . They will be able to pull or push against adult hands or furniture to reach a standing position between 6 months-1 year. Walking skill shows up at 18 months of age, in a quite unsteady way though. Will be by the age of 3 when they can run, jump or pedal a tricycle. About fine motor skills, grasping by using the whole hand (palmer grasp) usually starts at around 4 months of age, it develops fast and around 10 month they are able to grasp using a pincer grasp (using the thumb and index finger) and use hand-eye co-ordination. Intellectually: information babies get about the world comes to them through their senses, as their cognitive skills develop they are able to make sense of

More about Nvq Level 3 Residential Childcare Unit 1

Open Document