The Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development

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Task 1 Briefly outline the physical development of children and young people between birth and the age of 19. The physical development of children between the ages of 0 to 19 differs dramatically between the ages. From birth to 3 years of age a child’s skills are limited, varying from being able to do simple tasks like turning their head in response to sounds or movement around them , reaching out their hands when they want something and in turn being able to grab hold of an object which invariably ends up being put in their mouth. They smile, recognise their mother and respond to familiar sounds and people. The progression from 6 months to 2 year sees a child become more active and stable in their movements and activities. They are strong enough to be able to sit unaided and can pull themselves up to a standing position by using a stationary object to help them find their balance. Movement usually consists of shuffling or crawling to reach their intended target and they are able to grasp things and exchange objects from hand to hand with more confidence. Recognition of their name is also expected at this age. From the age of 2 a child becomes more able to find their balance and move around unaided. By 3 to 7 years a child becomes more active and independent. Their balance improves allowing more freedom in movement. Their gross and fine motor skills progress and the child can be expected to be able to run without falling, kick and throw a ball with precision and generally be able to hold their balance in physical activities. A child is more confident in communicating either through talking, writing or drawing. From 7 to 12 years of age their independence can be seen in their capability to dress and use cutlery to feed themselves. They become fearless in their ability to ride a bike, climb and jump from heights although sometimes the latter is misjudged
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