A baby of this age will respond to smiles and will move their whole body in response to sound/ to attract attention, he/she sees everything in relation to their self this is know as Egocentric. Another norm at this age is to explore objects by putting them in their mouth, they will also observe objects that move and will respond to bright colours and bold images, he/she will store and recall information through images. Social, emotional and behavioural development at 0 to 3 months. At this age a child will cry to communicate
By 12 months the infant will be able to crawl and may be beginning to walk, they will use large objects, furniture and people to pull themselves to standing. The child will learn to grip and let go with hands and put objects in their mouth as they begin to teeth. Between 1 and 2 years the infant will be walking independently and may start to climb on furniture, gripping and pulling with hands and pushing upwards with legs and by 3 years will be able to run, jump and climb with confidence. The child will start to eat independently with a spoon and hand eye coordination will be improving gradually. Between the ages of 3 and 12 a child greatly develops their hand eye coordination through activities such as drawing, painting and sports.
Answer: Physical development: At 0-3 years New born babies have little control over their bodies. Their movement depends on series of reflexes, as they get older they start to develop series of movements and actions called the ‘gross motor skills’ such as crawling, sitting, grabbing, pointing, running rolling, hopping, jumping, and so on. In their second year, children should have better ability to control their movement. In their third year, children would start to develop some ‘fine motor skills’ such as painting, colouring, and scribbling. They would enjoy looking at, and turning the pages of books.
Unit 201 Child and young person development From birth until 19 years of age children and young people will tend to exhibit certain similarities which have complied into a development plan. Although children and young people are different and have different experiences, they grow and develop in a similar way. Babies are usually born at 40 weeks, which is a full term pregnancy. At this early stage they show signs of recognition towards their mother, they know her voice and smell. They even know that if they cry it is a sign of distress which lets people know they need help.
1-3 Years By their first birthday, most babies have learnt the basics of movement and being mobile by either sitting, rolling, shuffling or crawling around. Some babies have even started standing with little or no support, and some are even walking. They use their hands for pointing, waving, feeding themselves and holding small objects. They will also enjoy playing with a ball and at this stage want to climb on everything or anything. By the time they have reached the age of three, a child’s fine motor skills will be used with a lot more control and they are able to hold a pencil and turn the pages of a book.
Even from a few months old they will smile and engage with their carer and by four months can vocalise by ‘babbling’ and ‘cooing’. From six months old an infant will become more interested in social interaction, although that depends on the amount of time spent with other children and his/hers personality, they will also have a fear of strangers and distress at the separation of a parent or carer. By the time they are nine months old an infant can recognise familiar and unfamiliar faces. From one year ‘temper tantrums’ may have begun. They become more demanding and assertive and can express rage at being told ‘no’, they have no idea of sharing and a strong sense of ‘mine’.
In their first year they will gain more control over there bodies and by 12 months will have some degree of mobility such as crawling or walking. In their second year they will start to walk. Their ability to control their movements means they will start to use their hands for pointing or holding small objects, even starting to dress and feeding themselves. They will also be able to play with a ball and start climbing things such as stairs and furniture in their third year they will start to use pencils and crayons and enjoy looking at and turning pages in books, use cups and feed themselves, walk and run with more confidence and use toys such as tricycles. 3-7 years Children start to carry out more co-ordinated movements and start growing in confidence as a result.
Development is often referred to on a timeline and is broken down in ages. As development is more rapid in early years the milestones start by being quite close together before becoming further apart as baby becomes a child and then a young adult. The aspects of development that children are measured on are physical, language, social and emotional, and intellect. Physical development is usually very rapid early on in the child’s development. Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them.
In the second year most children will start to walk on their own, they will enjoy climbing on furniture, walking up and down the stairs. In this year of development they will start to use their preferred hand. children will start to feed themselves, and attempt to dress themselves. By the third year they will be able to walk and run more confidently, and should now be able to feed themselves and use cups. They will start to expolre toys, and be able to pedal a bicycle with stabilisers, they will have more control holding and using crayons to draw and turn pages in a book.
1.1a Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years to include physical development: Physical development of children and young people can be often assumed that it will come automatically as they grow and mature. Some children grow and mature at different paste and this sometimes may cause some to behave differently. 0-3years This is a rapid development period where they have very little control of their movements. This is hinge on series of reflex which is needed to survive. In the first year they steadily starting to more control over their body such as rolling and crawling.