Stages of Infant Development in the First Two Years

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STAGES OF INFANT DEVELOPMENT IN THE FIRST TWO YEARS By: Lana Sakic Metropolitan Community College DISCUSSION: The healthy development of an infant is crucial in order for children to grow into healthy adults. I will focus on discussing the physical, social and emotional, and intellectual development of an infant between the ages of birth to two years. In their first two years, children will develop their gross motor skills, such as crawling and walking and fine motor skills, like holding a fork and picking up small objects with their thumb and finger. They will adapt to and develop their senses of sight and hearing and will learn to differentiate through taste, smell and touch. Also during this period, the child will make great strides in language and social skills (Lockman, 2009, p.6). The text suggests that there are three major periods of a baby’s development through the first two years of life (Brooks, 2010, p. 211). During the development of self-period, infants’ visual, sensory and motor responses emerge and so it is important for new parents to ensure their baby is stimulated with things such as mobiles or even just playing with their newborn. Babies, even newborn babies, like being around people and engaging with people (Brooks, 2010, p. 215). Allowing for the newborn to have many interactions with both their parents and other newborns will start the development of their social and emotional skills. When it comes to physical development, babies quickly develop muscle tone and by three months, most can raise their head when lying on their stomach and can open their hands and suck on their fingers (Spock, 2001, p.102). Their eyes can track a moving object and they are beginning to recognize faces. By seven months, an infant will reach for an object, sit up, roll over, babble and begin to show an interest in a mirror image. By their first
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