Physical development is usually very rapid early on in the child’s development. Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them. By 6 months as their muscles begin to develop they will reach for and hold objects which they will also put into their mouths. By one year old they are beginning to crawl or shuffle, pulling or pushing on furniture to stand and then cruise using furniture or adult for support. Sitting has progressed to unaided and they are rolling from their front to their back.
The rate of development is the speed of which a child develops but this can also vary a great deal in each child. For example one child may start walking unaided before their first birthday but another child may not start walking unaided until after their first birthday. It’s important to know the difference between the sequence and rate of development as it helps to meet the children’s individual needs. It helps you recognise if any children have special educational needs and helps you plan to make sure they are getting the help and support they may need.
Task 1. There are 4 different development types in which each individual experiences before they reach adulthood; physical development, intellectual development, language development and social and emotional development. Physical development begins before an individual is even born but the development really begins as soon as they are born. By 6 months of age an infant can usually turn their heads to the sounds of familiar words and voices and smile, they will also be able to hold and shake objects such as a rattle when they are introduced to play objects. By age 1 they will have developed more detail in what they can see so will be able to tell the difference between given food and given a play toy.
CYP Core 3.1 Understand child and young person development 1. Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years. 1.1 Explain the sequence rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years. Social , emotional, behaviour and moral development Birth to 3 years Early from birth a baby can respond to touch and sound, will recognise a parent or carers voice and will stare at bright shiny objects. Even from a few months old they will smile and engage with their carer and by four months can vocalise by ‘babbling’ and ‘cooing’.
They will turn their head towards light and shiny objects and are fascinated with the human face. They can focus on objects up to 20cm away. They react to sounds, especially familiar voices and quieten when picked up. They begin to make eye contact, cry to indicate need and move their eyes towards the direction of sound. Between four to eight weeks the baby begins to turn from their side to back and can lift their head briefly from the lying on their tummy.
It is important to understand and remember that although children usually develop in the same sequence, the rate of their development can vary from child to child and will vary with regards to each child’s abilities, gender, race and needs. Here is the typical sequence and rate of development for children that would normally be expected. Physical Development 0-1 years old: The first year of a baby’s life is the most important for brain development and the impact that it will have on the children and their learning throughout their lives. During the first month of their lives, a baby will hold its head and in time they will bear weight and begin to roll over. By 6-9 months, the baby is able to sit unsupported and will then begin to pull themselves up into a standing position.
By 12 months the infant will be able to crawl and may be beginning to walk, they will use large objects, furniture and people to pull themselves to standing. The child will learn to grip and let go with hands and put objects in their mouth as they begin to teeth. Between 1 and 2 years the infant will be walking independently and may start to climb on furniture, gripping and pulling with hands and pushing upwards with legs and by 3 years will be able to run, jump and climb with confidence. The child will start to eat independently with a spoon and hand eye coordination will be improving gradually. Between the ages of 3 and 12 a child greatly develops their hand eye coordination through activities such as drawing, painting and sports.
1.1a Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years to include physical development: Physical development of children and young people can be often assumed that it will come automatically as they grow and mature. Some children grow and mature at different paste and this sometimes may cause some to behave differently. 0-3years This is a rapid development period where they have very little control of their movements. This is hinge on series of reflex which is needed to survive. In the first year they steadily starting to more control over their body such as rolling and crawling.
Unit 4227-022 Understand child and young person development. 1.1 Explain the sequence rate of each aspect of development from birth o 19 years. Children will develop at different rates and in many different ways, although the sequence of how they develop is relatively the same, for example, babies tend to sit up before they crawl, and crawl before they walk. Physical development Birth-12months: Within weeks of birth, young babies will begin smiling, and responding to sounds around them, babies from 6 months will start to sit up and crawl, enjoy new tastes and textures of foods and use their hand eye coordination to hold onto objects. 1-2 years: Children will begin walking and toys will start to be pushed/pulled along whilst walking (often to support with walking) Objects will be picked up and banged together or built to make a small tower.
Unit 201 Child and young person development From birth until 19 years of age children and young people will tend to exhibit certain similarities which have complied into a development plan. Although children and young people are different and have different experiences, they grow and develop in a similar way. Babies are usually born at 40 weeks, which is a full term pregnancy. At this early stage they show signs of recognition towards their mother, they know her voice and smell. They even know that if they cry it is a sign of distress which lets people know they need help.