1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years. The sequence of development for children is measured using the following aspects: • Physical • Communication/language • Intellectual/cognitive • Social/emotional/behavioural • Moral Generally children follow the same sequence of development, but this can be at different rates. Physical development 0-2 years. Between birth and 2 years old children can move their head and limbs, lift and turn their heads. By 6 months they can roll onto their stomach from their back, push their head, neck and chest off the floor.
usage of feet and toes. During the ages of 12-19 physical development occurs in adolescence. Young people will see many physical changes including changes in the appearance of their bodies. During this period, young people’s strength and coordination increase greatly and they will have full adult motor capacities by age 20. Communication and intellectual development As babies, children communicate through crying and quietening with increasing sophistication.
Some Infants at the stage of six months can start feeding themselves. About one year old babies can crawl by two and a half years the infants can stand up even walk a little. By three years the infants can walk talk climb stairs slowly walking up them also trying to put on a coat.
Over the first 12 months they will learn more to control their bodies and by 12 months most babies should have devolped to the point where they should be able to crawl or roll. In the second year of their life babies will carry on devolping and growing quickly. At this time most babies should be starting to walk. The more they can control movement babies will start to use their hands for certain things like holding objects and feeding themselves. Also most babies by this age will play with toys
| A child’s social, emotional and behavioural development from 3 to 6 moths Babies start experimenting with their facial expressions and smiles become a lot more frequent. Babies are able to show when they are happy, either by letting out laughter and a mall scream or kicking their arms and legs to demonstrate their excitement. This can be shown through the baby been played with, communicated with or tickling. Small tantrums will begin to arise when the child is unable to do something it so badly wants to and frustration takes over, or when they aren’t allowed to do something and can’t get their own way. Shows what they like, for example what
Social and Emotional Development:- the development of a child’s image and identity, relationships and of everyday living and social skills. Intellectual/Communication: - the development of a child’s understanding and development of communication with others. Babies begin to develop there physical development within weeks of being born. A baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and the environment around them. By six months a babies muscles will begin to develop, so they will reach out and hold objects in their hands.
In their first year they will gain more control over there bodies and by 12 months will have some degree of mobility such as crawling or walking. In their second year they will start to walk. Their ability to control their movements means they will start to use their hands for pointing or holding small objects, even starting to dress and feeding themselves. They will also be able to play with a ball and start climbing things such as stairs and furniture in their third year they will start to use pencils and crayons and enjoy looking at and turning pages in books, use cups and feed themselves, walk and run with more confidence and use toys such as tricycles. 3-7 years Children start to carry out more co-ordinated movements and start growing in confidence as a result.
0 to 3 years: Physical Development: Rapid development of gross motor skills and fine motor skills leading to crawling and mobility followed by improvement of skills for eye and hand co-ordination. Communication and Intellectual Development: Adult communication with babies should lead to speech and an increase in their vocabulary as well as the successful use of negatives and plurals in their speech patterns. Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development: Children begin to form their individual identities and develop emotional attachments the earliest of which is likely to be with parents and carers. 3 to 7 years: Physical Development: More co-ordinated movements leading to running, kicking and even better eye and hand co-ordination leading to drawing and writing. Communication and Intellectual Development: Children will have the ability to phrase questions and be able to use past and future tense in their communications as well as improvements with writing and numeracy.
no, hug, they will also imitate sounds like a cough or noises like brrrr’ and will enjoy songs and nursery rhymes that have actions. Babies will have favourite toys by now and will choose between toys which a personal, emotional and social skill is as is showing enjoyment to a certain nursery rhyme or song. 9 – 12 Months By now most babies will be able to hold a cup and even be able to feed themselves with a spoon, they may be able to rise to a standing position without any help and even walk a few steps, they may throw toys using their whole arm and be able to point and look to where others point and be able to clap their hands along with others or to show they are happy. Clapping hands and pointing implies some understanding of how others see and think which an intellectual skill