Unit 201 – Child and Young Person Development

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Unit 201 – Child and young person development Outcome 1) Know the main stages of child and young person development 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. a) Physical development Between birth and 6 months an infant begins to develop a rhythm of feeding, sleeping and eliminating which may correspond with the primary care givers sleeping patterns. The infant will also gain control of eye movement and develop basic motor control so they will be able to balance their head, roll over, pull self to sitting and may briefly sit alone. This will help normal muscle development as the infant grows rapidly, doubling their birth weight. By 12 months the infant will be able to crawl and may be beginning to walk, they will use large objects, furniture and people to pull themselves to standing. The child will learn to grip and let go with hands and put objects in their mouth as they begin to teeth. Between 1 and 2 years the infant will be walking independently and may start to climb on furniture, gripping and pulling with hands and pushing upwards with legs and by 3 years will be able to run, jump and climb with confidence. The child will start to eat independently with a spoon and hand eye coordination will be improving gradually. Between the ages of 3 and 12 a child greatly develops their hand eye coordination through activities such as drawing, painting and sports. By the age of 7 a child will be able to throw, catch and kick a ball with some accuracy which helps muscle development as well as coordination. The child will be very active and experience growth spurts. They will also be able to eat independently with the correct utensils, and tend to their own toileting needs. Children may develop nervous habits such as foot tapping at around the age of 8, this could pass but might become an involuntary
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