Using books, pencils and crayons. | Children will be able to carry out more co-ordinated movements and will grow in confidence. They will refine skills developed so far and have more control over tasks such as cutting, writing and drawing. Become more confident in running, hopping kicking a ball and using larger equipment. | Sequence and Rate of Growth Sequence and Rate of Growth Also refining many of their skills.
Birth: Around 38 weeks after the fertilisation has happened, the foetus will have developed enough for it to survive outside its mothers body. In most of the cases the babies are born with their head coming out first, but sometimes there are cases where the babies are born with their bottom coming out first and this what call the – breach birth. If there is a problem with a natural delivery then caesarean section is performed. Birth is the end of the foetal stage and the beginning of the infancy. Labour, or the process of birth is divided into three stages, which are: Dilation Delivery of the body Delivery of the placenta Dilation: this is where the strong uterine contractions cause the cervix to dilate until it is wide enough for the mother to bead to pass through- usually about 10 cm.
It is usually very rapid early on in the child’s development. Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them. By 6 months as their muscles begin to develop they will reach for and hold objects which they will also put into their mouths. 0 – 3 Years Physical development at this stage is usually very rapid. At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them feed or grasp whenever they touch something.
In this stage toddlers will start showing more independence. Toddlers will also be able to remember and recognise the names of familiar people and objects, as well as forming simple phrases, sentences and follow simple instructions. Lastly in their third year of life skills such as taking turns, playing pretend, and kicking a ball. Toddlers will experience a different method of thinking, learning, social, and emotional changes will help them explore their new world and make sense of it. Also in this stage the children will begin to follow more complex directions, sorting objects by shape and color, imitate actions of adults and playmates, and express a variety of emotions.
Sarah Sunderland Unit TDA 2.1 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young peoples development from birth to 19 years, to include: a. Physical Development: 0-3 Years New born babies depend on flexes as they do not have much control over their bodies as they grow they start to develop movements and actions called gross motor skills this includes crawling, sitting up grabbing objects, being able to hold objects with a good grip, running and jumping. When they reach 2 years of age they should have more control of their movements and when they turn 3 they will start to develop fine motor skills such as painting, colouring, turning pages of books and at this stage they should be able to feed themselves and should be able to hold a cup. 3-7 Years Development at this stage can differ with each child as all children develop at their own stages but they should have improved in their fine motor skills so they should be able to handle scissors, take part in sports for example they will be able to hold a bat and hit a ball, they will start to learn to write their own name and draw pictures. 7-12 Years At this stage children will have their own hobbies and interests, they will take part in more sporting such as football and tennis They will be able to control their movements and flexes for example they will be able to take part in gymnastics and dancing.
Teaching Assistant Level 2, Assignment 1 (unit ref H/601/3305) Question 1.1: Describe the expected pattern of children and young people's development from birth to 19 years. A) Physical Development: 0-3 Years: When Babies are born they do not have alot of control over what their bodies can do. Their heads have to be supported as they have not got strong enough neck muscles. Growth is rapid at this age and within a few weeks they are able to start to smile and respond to sound. As they get older they will be able to sit and then crawl.
Understanding Children and Young Person’s Development Unit 2 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years old. Physical development is usually very rapid early on in the child’s development. This can be noticed within just weeks of a baby being born, a baby will begin to start smiling and responding to sounds and things going on around them. By around the age of 6 months their muscle will begin to develop and they will then clasp on to objects of all kinds and will also put the objects in to their mouths. Around the age of 12 months old they will begin to start moving around, the way a child of this age moves varies in many ways depending on the child.
They will start to roll over and may begin to start to crawl. They will be able to stand with support from either parents or with the help of furniture. From about 8 months they will be able to put objects into containers and take them out again. The need for play and exercise increases either in the bath or with soft toys and board books. 9-18 months.
By week eight of the first trimester your baby will have all it’s organs, including its heart and by week twelve the sex of the baby can be determined. During your second trimester you will start to feel better. During this trimester you will start to actually feel the baby inside, which can help you connect more to your baby and actually feel pregnant. Your baby will have hair and the brain will start to form. During your third trimester you will become very large and possibly feel very uncomfortable.
For example ; a child may crawl of walk earlier than expected, but start talking a little bit late. Children generally develop in approximately the same sequence. Babies will learn to roll over before they sit up, and children will say single words before they string two or three words together in a basic sentence. | 0 -3years | 3 – 7years | 7 – 12years | 12 – 16years | 16 – 19years | | Physical development (GROSS MOTOR SKILLS). | *In-supine: head is on one side.