Understand the Development of Children and Young People in Residential Childcare

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Unit 1 Understand the development of children and young people in residential childcare 1. Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth to 19 years old (1.1 – 1.3) Every child develops at a different rate and in different ways to each other. However the sequence in which a child develops is roughly the same e.g they will need to walk before they run. The aspect of a development that children are measured on are: Physical development:- the development of gross motor skills which is the use of large muscles (arms and legs) and fine motor skills which is the precise use of muscles for example hands and fingers. Social and Emotional Development:- the development of a child’s image and identity, relationships and of everyday living and social skills. Intellectual/Communication: - the development of a child’s understanding and development of communication with others. Babies begin to develop there physical development within weeks of being born. A baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and the environment around them. By six months a babies muscles will begin to develop, so they will reach out and hold objects in their hands. They develop their social and emotional development by responding to voices and face’s especially that of their close family. Children’s language development usually begins in there first three-six months. They will start making new and different noises and display their feelings by crying, squealing and laughing and enjoy vocal play, trying to mimic movements and sounds. By one they will begin to crawl or shuffle along, pulling themselves up onto furniture or pushing on things to stand up using furniture as a support to move themselves along. They will become more interested and inquisitive with objects and touch. There first teeth may start to come through and
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