Communication and speech development: this is learning to communicate with friends, family and all others. It is important to remember that all the areas of development link together. From being a tiny helpless being at birth, by the age of 19 years, children change to highly complex young people who have all the basic skills for life, including talking, running, writing and the ability to think in academic ways. From being relatively immobile babies, children are able to walk, run, skip and climb. From not being able to talk, children become capable communicators.
Between the ages of 1 and 2 a child will normally be walking, pulling themselves up on furniture and pulling/pushing toys. Aged 2 to 3 years they will learn how to hold a pencil in the correct way and turn marks on paper into scribbles, towers will be built with bricks and balls will be kicked. As they go from 3 years to 7 years their physical skills are normally improving and they are becoming more confident, climbing, running and jumping. Also dressing themselves becomes an easier task. As they grow hand eye coordination gets better and threading small beads onto string becomes easier.
1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years. The sequence of development for children is measured using the following aspects: • Physical • Communication/language • Intellectual/cognitive • Social/emotional/behavioural • Moral Generally children follow the same sequence of development, but this can be at different rates. Physical development 0-2 years. Between birth and 2 years old children can move their head and limbs, lift and turn their heads. By 6 months they can roll onto their stomach from their back, push their head, neck and chest off the floor.
Social and Emotional Development:- the development of a child’s image and identity, relationships and of everyday living and social skills. Intellectual/Communication: - the development of a child’s understanding and development of communication with others. Babies begin to develop there physical development within weeks of being born. A baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and the environment around them. By six months a babies muscles will begin to develop, so they will reach out and hold objects in their hands.
By the age of one; they have a lot more control over their bodies. In this stage, they are beginning to crawl, shuffle, pull or push on things to stand. Between 1 and 2 years walking will begin and toys will be pulled or pushed along whilst walking. They enjoy attempting to feed themselves with finger foods. Waving goodbye becomes fun they will begin to point to what they want and shake their head to mean ‘no’.
Girls experience puberty earlier than do boys and are often as much as two years ahead of them. Fine motor skills: * The child can control his or her small muscles well and has improved writing and drawing skills. The child can draw people with details of clothing and facial features. The child is starting to join letters to together in handwriting. Reference=63 HOLISTIC DEVELOPMEN FROM EIGHT TO ELEVEN YEARS (CONT.
They are able to get things they want for themselves for example reaching for their blanket or toy without any support. They become more curious about things around them and start to investigate by placing things inside their mouths; however this could also be due to teething. Babies begin to play with their hands/fingers, by clasping them together and unclasping them and also raising their hands as a symbol to people. | A child’s communication and intellectual development from 3 to 6 months Sounds and noises will become that little bit more familiar and the baby will try and mimic what it is they can hear for example the sounds animals make. This alone will continue to progress.
Unit 331 learning outcome 1 Child and young person development Physical development | Communication development | Social, emotional, behavioural and moral development | Birth to 3 years | New born babies depend on reflexes such as suckling, crying and grasping. By the 1st year they gain more control and are usually rolling over and crawling. By age 2 years they learn how to pull themselves up and begin to walk and talk. They begin to hold small things and attempt to sell feed and dress themselves, as well experience climbing and playing with a lot more choice of toys. | They have eye contact and smile, crying and they react to tone of voice.
In daycares many of the staff provides nursery rhymes that would label their parts of the body, for instance 'heads and shoulders, knees and toes' this nursery rhyme enables the child to understand where parts are on their bodies and caregivers also tend to expand on what the function is. Children also acknowledge comprehension skills as to reading, writing etc. Third of all, daycare helps the child to prepare for elementary school. One way that it does this is that the child becomes accustomed to having a different adult around them and helping them to accomplish many of the tasks per day. They also understand how to follow many rules and how they should behave in a different environment other than their own homes.
Stimulation aids development. At the age of one and a half a child learns that asking questions gets information so they are always asking questions to get information. Babies from 0 – 6 months puts different things in their mouth so they learn what they are. Also at 6- 12 months they repeat a lot of things they see. At two years you can have a nice conversation with the baby.