Understand How to Safeguard the Wellbeing of Children and Young People

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Unit 1: Understand Child & Young Person Development 1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years Child development is a process every child goes through. The sequence of a child’s development, also known as developmental milestones are divided into five different aspects: Physical; Social, Emotional and behavioural; Communication and language; Intellectual and cognitive. PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 0 – 3 Years The physical development between the ages of 0-3 years is generally very rapid. At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to allow them to feed or grasp whenever they touch something. By the age of one; they have a lot more control over their bodies. In this stage, they are beginning to crawl, shuffle, pull or push on things to stand. Between 1 and 2 years walking will begin and toys will be pulled or pushed along whilst walking. They enjoy attempting to feed themselves with finger foods. Waving goodbye becomes fun they will begin to point to what they want and shake their head to mean ‘no’. Between the ages of 2 and 3 marks on paper will progress to scribbles as they begin to use pencils, etc. Balls start to be kicked and thrown. Bricks will be built into larger towers than before, and will start to experiment with liquids in play by pouring. 3 – 7 Years At 3 years children begin to gain more independence. Their mobility and climbing skills will be advancing as they run, jump, catch, walk up and down stairs etc. Dexterity increases with small objects like puzzles, threading beads etc. Dressing and undressing will be assisted but more cooperative. They will be developing their gross and fine motor skills: Running, Jumping, Catching, throwing and aiming, building, climbing, pedalling, use of scissors, holding a pencil to draw and colour threading small beads sewing stitches etc. They will have more pencil
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