Understand Child and Young Person Development

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CYP 31 Understand child and young person development Outcome 1 Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth – 19 years 1. Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years Development is the gaining of skills in all aspects of a child’s life. The different types of development are split into four areas: Physical development: this refers to the body increasing in skill and performance and includes: * gross motor development (using large muscles), for example legs and arms * fine motor development (precise use of muscles), for example hands and fingers Social and emotional development: this is the development of a child’s identity and self-image, the development of relationships and feelings about him or herself and learning the skills to live in society with other people. Intellectual development: this is learning the skills of understanding, memory and concentration. Communication and speech development: this is learning to communicate with friends, family and all others. It is important to remember that all the areas of development link together. From being a tiny helpless being at birth, by the age of 19 years, children change to highly complex young people who have all the basic skills for life, including talking, running, writing and the ability to think in academic ways. From being relatively immobile babies, children are able to walk, run, skip and climb. From not being able to talk, children become capable communicators. From being fully dependent, children learn to dress, feed and think for themselves. From wide arm movements and automatically grasping everything that is put into the hand, children learn to pick up and use a pencil developing to pens, computers and other technical equipment. Growth and development are connected, but are very different. Growth
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