The baby can wave his or her arms and bring his or her hands together over the body. Fine motor skills: In the first month baby is fascinated by human faces and gazes attentively at carer’s face when fed or held. The baby’s hands are usually tightly closed. From four to eight weeks the baby turns his or her head towards the light and stares at bright or shiny objects. The baby will use his or her hand to grasp the carer’s finger.
CYP 3.1 [1 1.1] Explain the sequence and rate of aspect of development from birth to the age of 19 years. Age | Area of development | Observation | 0 – 2 yrs | Physical | At a young age, babies will have the ability to ‘suckle’ and ‘grasp’, with the ability to hold their heads after a few months. Will be able to turn their heads towards sounds.In the first 12 months of development, most babies will be able to ‘sit up’ without support and will quickly develop the ability to crawl and roll.By the first year, fine motor skills will have been developed, such as holding/grasping small items and exploring items with the index finger. Between the ages of 1 and 2, children will be able to pull themselves up from a seated position.By the age of two/three, children will be able to stand and walk confidently and at the later age of three, be able to walk and run safely. | | Communication | From birth, babies will be able show a sign of communication by ‘crying’ and even ‘smiling’.
They cry to communicate and parents will start to recognise the different types of cries. Examples of what you may observe: Physical: babies look less curled up and startle less Cognitive: Babies stop crying because they hear a familiar voice Communication: Babies coo when contented Social, emotional and behavioural: Fleeting smiles when asleep. Babies at 3months: Babies from 3months will have grown in height and weight and some will have learnt the difference between day and night, and are able to sleep throughout the night. They are less
Babies will stretch out their arms suddenly and then clasp them inwards in any situations in which they feel that they are falling. | Fine motor skills. Manipulative skills. | 1Month | Babies stop crying because they hear a familiar voice. Babies stop crying as they are picked up but start crying when they are put down.
Age Physical Cognitive Communication Social, Emotional &Behaviour Moral Birth Born with reflexes i.e. sucking and swallowing. A baby will move its head to find food whether it is a nipple or teat When touch their palms they will wrap their tiny fingers around your. They are able to lift their arms and clinch their fits. May also take small steps when feet touches the floor Baby’s know there mother’s voice and smell Babies will let you know when there are hungry, tired or in pain by crying Likes to have close contact whilst feeding with their parents or carer N/A 1 Month Beginning to settle down and is still sleep a lot but when awake will be a wake longer.
Communication and intellectual development As babies, children communicate through crying and quietening with increasing sophistication. Before they are a year old, infants will generally attempt to say simple words. By the time they are between one and two years old they will use around 30 to 40 words and by three years old they will be able to use full, complex sentences. When a child starts school aged six, they will develop their social skills through
They are able to get things they want for themselves for example reaching for their blanket or toy without any support. They become more curious about things around them and start to investigate by placing things inside their mouths; however this could also be due to teething. Babies begin to play with their hands/fingers, by clasping them together and unclasping them and also raising their hands as a symbol to people. | A child’s communication and intellectual development from 3 to 6 months Sounds and noises will become that little bit more familiar and the baby will try and mimic what it is they can hear for example the sounds animals make. This alone will continue to progress.
1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years. The sequence of development for children is measured using the following aspects: • Physical • Communication/language • Intellectual/cognitive • Social/emotional/behavioural • Moral Generally children follow the same sequence of development, but this can be at different rates. Physical development 0-2 years. Between birth and 2 years old children can move their head and limbs, lift and turn their heads. By 6 months they can roll onto their stomach from their back, push their head, neck and chest off the floor.
Table 1: Physical development Age Range Description of the stage An example of how this impacts on other aspects of development 0 – 3 Months From Birth babies are born with many reflexes for example the sucking reflex which allows them to feed, the grasping reflex, babies can grasp any object placed in their hand, this is a fine motor skill , babies can also make sounds i.e. cooing and gurgling noises, they can also turn their heads whilst lying on their back and will do so in response to light and sound Turning their head to a sound is also a Personal, social and emotional development skill as most babies will turn their head in response to their Mothers voice 3 – 6 Months At this stage babies can now roll over from their front to
A baby at one month needs plenty of cuddles and physical contact, frequent feeds of milk (day and night), opportunities to sleep and eye contact with smiles and gentle handling. Then, at three months a baby will need opportunities to watch others, their head will still need supporting when they are carried, and, the child will still need to be handled gently and take regular milk feeds. Babies at six months are more mobile and will need times when they can lie on their stomachs and backs with chances to explore toys and objects. We find babies at nine months start to explore these objects with their mouth and hands, and, they tend to use their fingers to feed, therefore needing opportunities to feed themselves. Babies at one year need as much as the same as they do at nine months, although you will find they are able to stand on their own whilst holding onto furniture and will start to interact with a little more understanding, such as waving good bye.