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TDA 2.1 Child And Young Person Development 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: - Physical Development - Communication and Intellectual Development - Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development 1.2 Describe with examples how different aspects of development can affect one another. Birth – 3 Months Physical Development: * From birth a baby’s reflexes allow them to turn their head to suckle when you touch their cheek. * The baby can flex their fingers, arms and legs. * By 1 month a baby should be able to follow a light with their eyes, if only for a short period of time. * From 4-8 weeks babies should be able to slightly lift their head when laid on their front. * By 2 months babies should be kicking their legs enthusiastically. * By 2-3 months a baby should be able to watch and follow a moving face, by using their eyes or tilting their head in the direction the moving face is going. Communication and Intellectual Development: * Baby watches faces and facial expressions carefully. * Recognises familiar faces from a distance after a while and gets used to familiar objects. * Babies smile at the sound of the primary caregiver’s voice. * Tries to imitate sounds back to you. * Babies will get used to turning their head towards the direction of sound. Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development: * Babies will eventually start to develop a social smile when around others. * Being fussed is a natural thing that people to do newborns and small babies so when fussing or playing stops then babies may cry about this interaction stopping. * Becomes more communicative and tries to express words/feelings using their body and arms. * Imitates movements and sounds, possibly facial expressions like sticking your tongue out. 3 – 6
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