Tda 2.1 Child and Young Person Development

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TDA 2.1 Child and young person development Task 1 Physical Development Birth to one year Newborn babies can turn their heads to look for food, and once found they are able to suck and swallow. If you hold a baby upright with their feet on your lap or a surface of some kind they will make stepping movements. They will also stretch out their arms when they want to be picked up. As they grow, a baby’s determination to master movement, balance, and the fine-motor skills is very high. 1-3 Years By their first birthday, most babies have learnt the basics of movement and being mobile by either sitting, rolling, shuffling or crawling around. Some babies have even started standing with little or no support, and some are even walking. They use their hands for pointing, waving, feeding themselves and holding small objects. They will also enjoy playing with a ball and at this stage want to climb on everything or anything. By the time they have reached the age of three, a child’s fine motor skills will be used with a lot more control and they are able to hold a pencil and turn the pages of a book. They should also be able to hold a cup and feed themselves, even if a little messy. The gross motor skills are used with much more confidence, and they will enjoy playing on ride on toys such as a tricycle and will be using their feet to make the vehicle go faster. 3-7 Years Children are now much more coordinated with their movements. They have more control over the fine motor skills and are able to do things such as cutting, writing, using scissors well and drawing recognisable objects. They will also be able to dress themselves with no help. They will also be more confident in activities, such as running, hopping, skipping, throwing, kicking and controlling a ball and riding a bike. 7-12 Years Children can start to have
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