Children will move more confidently, pedal a tricycle, kick a ball and throw. They will be able to thread large beads. By 4 fine motor skills will have improved to include cutting around objects with scissors. 4-7 years. From 4-7 years a child will able to control a pencil, form letters, copy shapes and write more fluently.
Over the first 12 months they will learn more to control their bodies and by 12 months most babies should have devolped to the point where they should be able to crawl or roll. In the second year of their life babies will carry on devolping and growing quickly. At this time most babies should be starting to walk. The more they can control movement babies will start to use their hands for certain things like holding objects and feeding themselves. Also most babies by this age will play with toys
Unit 1: Understand Child & Young Person Development 1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years Child development is a process every child goes through. The sequence of a child’s development, also known as developmental milestones are divided into five different aspects: Physical; Social, Emotional and behavioural; Communication and language; Intellectual and cognitive. PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 0 – 3 Years The physical development between the ages of 0-3 years is generally very rapid. At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to allow them to feed or grasp whenever they touch something. By the age of one; they have a lot more control over their bodies.
Communication and intellectual development As babies, children communicate through crying and quietening with increasing sophistication. Before they are a year old, infants will generally attempt to say simple words. By the time they are between one and two years old they will use around 30 to 40 words and by three years old they will be able to use full, complex sentences. When a child starts school aged six, they will develop their social skills through
Their growth motor skills improve in ways of skating, running, jumping and catching. The loss of baby teeth and in girls early signs of puberty by age 10-11 but later in boys. | At this stage most children are fluent speakers of a language and refining their skills in reading and writing, so their language skills enable them to think and discuss their ideas more abstractly.
Physical Development | Communication and intellectual development | Social, Emotional and behavioural development | A child’s physical development from birth to 3 months The moment a baby is born the first couple of months alone is dedicate to just sleeping and eating this is to help the continuous progression of the baby’s overall development. The nurturing of a baby in these early stages is vital; this is because the baby is at its most vulnerable and need that constant support and 24 hour care. The very first progression in a babies physical development is sucking on bottles or breasts these are instant survival skills as the baby knows this is how to seek their food. Also the likes of sucking on dummy’s for comfort. Holding
0-19 Child DevelopmentAge ranges | PhysicalDevelopment | Communication and Intellectual Development | Social, Emotional and Behaviour Development | Moral | Infants 0-1Infants 0-1 continued | There are many different stages in a baby’s Physical development and each child is different. New born development is the reflexes they have which they do without even thinking it like a survival mode, like swallowing, moving their head trying to find the mothers breast to suckle on for food, grasping things that are in their hands, they can react to light and sounds by moving their arms, legs and clenching of their hands. At one month they haven’t really changed much in development as there body is still not strong they will just be just doing more
The baby can wave his or her arms and bring his or her hands together over the body. Fine motor skills: In the first month baby is fascinated by human faces and gazes attentively at carer’s face when fed or held. The baby’s hands are usually tightly closed. From four to eight weeks the baby turns his or her head towards the light and stares at bright or shiny objects. The baby will use his or her hand to grasp the carer’s finger.
| |0-3 |As a new born a child has very little |From the day they are born we try to |Children in this age range need to | | |control over its body. Such as how it |communicate with children.. At first |form strong attachments to an adult, | | |sucks and grasps to gain nutrition. |children do not understand what is being |at this stage it is normally parents | | |By a year old most babies can roll over|said but just the fact we talk, read or |and carers. Frustration often occurs | | |and/or crawl. |sing to them stimulates the brain to learn |when they want/need do things for | | |1 year old most walk.
Table 1: Physical development Age Range Description of the stage An example of how this impacts on other aspects of development 0 – 3 Months From Birth babies are born with many reflexes for example the sucking reflex which allows them to feed, the grasping reflex, babies can grasp any object placed in their hand, this is a fine motor skill , babies can also make sounds i.e. cooing and gurgling noises, they can also turn their heads whilst lying on their back and will do so in response to light and sound Turning their head to a sound is also a Personal, social and emotional development skill as most babies will turn their head in response to their Mothers voice 3 – 6 Months At this stage babies can now roll over from their front to