CYP 3.1 [1 1.1] Explain the sequence and rate of aspect of development from birth to the age of 19 years. Age | Area of development | Observation | 0 – 2 yrs | Physical | At a young age, babies will have the ability to ‘suckle’ and ‘grasp’, with the ability to hold their heads after a few months. Will be able to turn their heads towards sounds.In the first 12 months of development, most babies will be able to ‘sit up’ without support and will quickly develop the ability to crawl and roll.By the first year, fine motor skills will have been developed, such as holding/grasping small items and exploring items with the index finger. Between the ages of 1 and 2, children will be able to pull themselves up from a seated position.By the age of two/three, children will be able to stand and walk confidently and at the later age of three, be able to walk and run safely. | | Communication | From birth, babies will be able show a sign of communication by ‘crying’ and even ‘smiling’.
By 6 months they can roll onto their stomach from their back, push their head, neck and chest off the floor. Babies usually get their first tooth around now. They start to crawl, sit up and pass objects from one to the other. They will learn to pull themselves up using furniture and walk by holding onto things. Hand preference may start to appear.
These six different aspects of development enable us to study child development holistically (to view a child as a whole person). Holistic development birth to three months Physical development Gross motor skills: In the first month a baby lies supine (on his or her back) and when placed on his or her front (the prone position), lies with head turned to one side, and by one month can lift the head. From four to eight weeks the baby can now turn from side to back and there is head lag if the baby is pulled to sitting position. At eight to twelve weeks the baby can now lift his or her head and chest off bed in prone position, supported on forearms. The baby can wave his or her arms and bring his or her hands together over the body.
1.1 | |motor skills | | age ranges |milestone 1 |milestone 2 | |0-2 months |When the baby is on |Their gross motor skills | | |their stomach they |will be devolving still | | |will be able to ever|however young they are, | | |so slightly cock |these shows with the | | |their head to the |newborns legs will be able| | |side. |to be pulled against | | | |themselves. | |3-5 months |have better control |Be able to prop their arms| | |over their limbs |up when on their chest. | |6-8 months |will be able to hold|Will pull themselves up to| | |on tight to things |sitting whilst lying on | | |especially to the |their backs. | | |parents or | | | |significant | | | |influence fingers | | |9-11 months |will be able to pull|Child will begin to crawl | | |themselves up |and will begin to crawl | | | |more often independently.
Even from a few months old they will smile and engage with their carer and by four months can vocalise by ‘babbling’ and ‘cooing’. From six months old an infant will become more interested in social interaction, although that depends on the amount of time spent with other children and his/hers personality, they will also have a fear of strangers and distress at the separation of a parent or carer. By the time they are nine months old an infant can recognise familiar and unfamiliar faces. From one year ‘temper tantrums’ may have begun. They become more demanding and assertive and can express rage at being told ‘no’, they have no idea of sharing and a strong sense of ‘mine’.
A baby will smile when spoken to in caring voice May enjoy been held, enjoy there bath time N/A 6 Months At this age they are aware of their surroundings, They are able to reach for their toys. They start to cut their first tooth at 6 months. They may sit up unaided Anything within their reach normal end up in their mouth Babies at this age will lift their arms to their carers letting them know they wants to be pick up. At this age they smile a lot more especially when playing or been talked too by their carers N/A 9 Months At this age most babies are busy getting around I.E. crawling.
Stimulation aids development. At the age of one and a half a child learns that asking questions gets information so they are always asking questions to get information. Babies from 0 – 6 months puts different things in their mouth so they learn what they are. Also at 6- 12 months they repeat a lot of things they see. At two years you can have a nice conversation with the baby.
By Megan Wyne. Communication and Language The early year’s foundation stage is spilt up into different category but I’m going to talk about communication and language with in this there are three different areas they are called: * Listening and attention * Understanding * Speaking The age group of each category very this is because every child grows and learn slower or faster to others. The age range of the communication and language are: * Birth – 11 Months * 8 – 20 Months * 16 – 26 Months * 22 – 36 Months * 30 – 50 Months * 40 – 60 Months Listening and attention: * Birth – 11 Months: They should react to interaction with others by smiling, looking and moving they also should listen to familiar sounds, words or finger play. * 8
Table 1: Physical development Age Range Description of the stage An example of how this impacts on other aspects of development 0 – 3 Months From Birth babies are born with many reflexes for example the sucking reflex which allows them to feed, the grasping reflex, babies can grasp any object placed in their hand, this is a fine motor skill , babies can also make sounds i.e. cooing and gurgling noises, they can also turn their heads whilst lying on their back and will do so in response to light and sound Turning their head to a sound is also a Personal, social and emotional development skill as most babies will turn their head in response to their Mothers voice 3 – 6 Months At this stage babies can now roll over from their front to
Social and Emotional Development:- the development of a child’s image and identity, relationships and of everyday living and social skills. Intellectual/Communication: - the development of a child’s understanding and development of communication with others. Babies begin to develop there physical development within weeks of being born. A baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and the environment around them. By six months a babies muscles will begin to develop, so they will reach out and hold objects in their hands.