By one month, a baby can turns its head from side to side when lying on the back or belly, and can move its hands and arms. At 3 months old the child should be able to kick its legs when lying on the belly or back. At the age of 6months old the child should be able to reach for a toy, move arms to indicate he/she wants to be lifted and can move a toy from one hand to another. 6 to 12 Months At 6 months of age, the average baby can begin to sit without support, reach for a toy, and move a toy from one hand to another and put objects into mouth. At 7-8 months of age a child should begin to stand with some support.
Further study has indicated that new sounds directed at the womb through a loudspeaker can also cause the heart rate to decrease, and as the sound is repeated, the heart rate will eventually increase again. When tried with stories and poems, the heart rate would also decrease with the new sounds, and decrease with repetition. It seems that babies can learn to recognize speech patterns and voices before birth. By roughly 4 to 6 months of age babies start to make many more sounds. Before speaking words, babies go through a period of babbling, in which they are practicing the sounds, intonations and rhythms of language.
Physical Development: From birth a baby will start its development journey. At first a baby will lay on their back, then start lifting their head and kicking and will become fascinated by their own fingers and hand movements. By six months old, a baby can grasp objects, transfer them from hand to hand and as their head control is much improved, it becomes inevitable that with any object held, an attempt to put it in their mouth will be made. Mobility starts around the 9 month stage, starting off as rolling then progressing to shuffling, crawling, then finally attempts at walking unaided at 12 months. Every child is different and some children can go from shuffling to walking attempts, missing a big milestone such as crawling.
Infants get pleasure out of discovering things through putting them in their mouth and as they start to get older they become more aware of things they can suck on and things they can’t, just as things they should hold on to and things they shouldn’t. As infants begin to develop more and get their hands on more things they will learn that some object make noise and thy will discover how to get the objects to make noise; therefor incorporating another one of their 5 main senses, hearing. Noises will also give them pleasure just like sucking on things and they will start to show more outward motions such as smiles and giggles to let parents and adults know how
1. Understand the pattern of development that would normally be expected for children and young people from birth – 19 yrs. 2.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspects of development that would normally be expected in children and young people from birth – 19 years. Children’s development is continuous and can be measured in a number of different ways. Although all children will develop at different rates and in different ways, the sequence in which they develop will be roughly the same as they need to have developed one skill, for example walking, before they move on to develop another such as running and jumping.
Language development: • A six month old baby will be able to make a variety of happy sounds. • will respond to music and singing • will mirror their parent’s movements and expressions. 6 TO 12 MONTHS BABY Physical development: • The toddler will have learnt to sit first with support, and then without. • will be able to roll over • he will begin to crawl or shuffle • he will be able to stand with support • he will raise his arms when he wants to be lifted • he will respond to his name • he will pass objects from hand to hand • Look for things that have been hidden and reach for food. Social and emotional development: • Baby will develop “Separation Anxiety” (some babies develop it earlier or
| | |The baby has good head control from 4 to 6 |The baby prefers complicated things to look at |The baby can manage to feed him or her self. | | |months. |from six months and enjoys bright colours. |The baby enjoys peek-a-boo games. | | |From 6 to 9 months the baby can sit up |The baby can now follow simple instructions e.g |The
Within the early months a child will make eye contact and be able to turn their head to the smell of their mothers breasts, they will listen to voices, develop co-ordination, they enjoy colourful and shiny objects they should also be able to play simple games such as peek-a-boo. By age two a child will be amusing themselves with “pretend” play and favourite toys they have, by age three their concentration grows and they are able to control pencils and paintbrushes, at age four their memory will develop quickly, and should be able to build things with
By the age of 3 a child will be using negatives and plurals in their speech and vocabulary will increase rapidly. Social, emotional and behavioural development - The first relationships that very young children build are with their parents/carers. At this stage young children will express frustration by throwing tantrums, and will want to start doing things for themselves. 3-7 years At this stage children will be refining their physical movements and being more confident with them. More control is developed over
For example, the baby will learn the meaning of “mama” and never forget what it means, but will not be able to remember the experience of learning it. As with the baby, semantic memory is most active during childhood, it is during this time that most individuals encounter and learn new concepts and ideas (Azar, 2007). Repetition is