Unit 1 – Child and Young Person Development 18.104.22.168 There are 3 stages of development in children which are Physical, Communication and Intellect and Social, emotional and behavioural. 0-3 Years – Physical development in this age group is accelerated. In the first year a baby will go from having very little control over their bodies to having some mobility such as crawling and rolling. Their movements at this stage are mainly focused on sucking and grasping. In a babies second year a babies physical development will continue and develop quickly.
Development is the process of learning new skills and abilities. Development changes are a result of both environmental and genetic factors. Genetic factors are responsible for growth whilst the environmental factors are responsible for emotional development. The development of a child is sub categorised into difference key stages that take place during the first eight years of their life: Intellectual Physical Social and Emotional Language and Communication Intellectual 0-2 years: From birth – 3 months infants have the ability to focus on objects that are a few inches away from them. From 3-6 months they begin to develop their co-ordination and enjoy the stimulation of bright and shiny objects.
A child’s hand eye coordination improves and they develop the ability to do tasks such as jump rope, hit a ball and use things such as pencils and crayons with better control. Although growth has slowed down in this stage, children start to lose the baby look in appearance and their arms and legs begin to grow and balance out with the rest of their body. In middle childhood people will see a noticeable growth in a child’s size. They will develop in both height and weight. Primary teeth will also be
E1- Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in 2 areas of development. Physical Development: Physical development is important for 3 reasons Allows new learning to take place Allows further development-build on skills already perfected Enhances confidence/self esteem 0-6 months Babies learn how to control their muscles and movements. Baby’s development of fine motor skills can be watches hands and plays with fingers, clasps and unclasps hands and can hold a rattle for a moment. Its development of gross motor skills are, lifts head and chest up and waves arms and brings hands together over body. By one month, a baby can turns its head from side to side when lying on the back or belly, and can move its hands and arms.
Allowing for the newborn to have many interactions with both their parents and other newborns will start the development of their social and emotional skills. When it comes to physical development, babies quickly develop muscle tone and by three months, most can raise their head when lying on their stomach and can open their hands and suck on their fingers (Spock, 2001, p.102). Their eyes can track a moving object and they are beginning to recognize faces. By seven months, an infant will reach for an object, sit up, roll over, babble and begin to show an interest in a mirror image. By their first
Within the early months a child will make eye contact and be able to turn their head to the smell of their mothers breasts, they will listen to voices, develop co-ordination, they enjoy colourful and shiny objects they should also be able to play simple games such as peek-a-boo. By age two a child will be amusing themselves with “pretend” play and favourite toys they have, by age three their concentration grows and they are able to control pencils and paintbrushes, at age four their memory will develop quickly, and should be able to build things with
This paper will discuss the important stages in the development as to how the child changes from physical, emotional, social, and cognitive perspective throughout this time period. Physical Change Physical changes in early childhood are accompanied by rapid changes in the child’s cognitive and language development. From the beginning of birth they use all their senses to attend to their environment. They begin to develop a sense of cause and effect from their actions and the responses of caregivers. As the new born grows into a young person he can take care of his or her own body and interact effectively with others.
They will show a series of reflexes such as grasping or sucking. They need these to survive. Over the next 12 months they will develop more control and eventually should improve mobility such as rolling or crawling. In the next 12 months babies will quickly develop and most children will start to take steps onto walking. They are also able to control their movement.
Infants get pleasure out of discovering things through putting them in their mouth and as they start to get older they become more aware of things they can suck on and things they can’t, just as things they should hold on to and things they shouldn’t. As infants begin to develop more and get their hands on more things they will learn that some object make noise and thy will discover how to get the objects to make noise; therefor incorporating another one of their 5 main senses, hearing. Noises will also give them pleasure just like sucking on things and they will start to show more outward motions such as smiles and giggles to let parents and adults know how
7-12 yrs – Children at this age are still growing and developing, they will now be advancing many of their skills and start to indulge in hobbies and interests such as gymnastic, football and dance etc. Also at this stage young girls in particular will start to show signs of puberty, starting as young as 10 or 11. Boys usually start puberty at a later stage, when there will be another period of rapid physical growth. 12-16 yrs – Adolescence becomes a lot more relevant and noticeable at this age. Boys will