As development is more rapid in early years, the first few milestones start by being quite close together, before becoming further apart as a baby becomes a child then a young adult. The aspects of development that children are measured on are: physical, language, social, emotional and intellect.
Reading and hands-on activities will help teach the children to think more critically and logically. It is very important for teachers and parents to help enhance a child’s cognitive, motor, social, emotional, and language development during the early childhood or preschool years.
Unit 331 understand child and young person development. 1.1 Sequence and rate of development is all dependant on the individual child/young person, their physical, communication, intellectual and social development is crucial to understand in order to help them. 0 to 3 years old babies are new to this atmosphere they use small muscle movements such as reflexes, sucking, smiling and raising their hands. By 5 months they begin to roll over and shuffle, at 8 months they pull and push on toys/furniture/anything and everything to stand and then glide using the same method of transport. At this stage they are now becoming more curious and want to play with toys, teeth are beginning to sprout and they are now eating solids.
Gaining experience understanding and responding to the emotions of others. ➢ Co-operating with others ➢ Learning about the feelings of others ➢ Taking in turns/sharing ➢ Developing social skills ➢ Developing self-esteem and self-expression Communication and intellectual – Expressing themselves and understanding what others say, reading and writing. ➢ Decision making ➢ Developing creative and imaginative skills ➢ Using language to explain reasoning ➢ Using skills in different ways ➢ Problem solving 1.1 Expected pattern of children and young peoples development from birth to 19 |Ages |Physical Development |Social, emotional and behavioural development |Communication and intellectual development | |(Years) | | |
The type of play that is found in early childhood are things that use their hands, and minds. Using games/toys helps kids interact with other kids to create a social environment and comfort. Play also helps children learn in many ways (Myers 2012). You usually find kids playing with blocks, building things, and games that use their imagination (Guyton 2011, p. 52). Rattle your Brain uses their hands, ears and minds so they can increase those senses in their development.
This is where the child shows signs of growth; they begin to hold their own bottle, showing they have gained the use of hands and understand what they do. The can now also show fear, this can come from many things, one of which is a stranger’s face, not knowing the person or being unsure of them. Babies will usually attempt to walk at around this age, sometimes with help and sometimes using the furniture to guide them. The toddler stage, 1-3 years. During this time, a child will go from, sitting, to crawling, to walking, to running, they become more confident as they get older and steadier on their feet.
The brain grows very rapidly during the first several years of life. During this time, your child is learning all sorts of new skills. Because children usually acquire developmental milestones or skills during a specific time frame or "window", we can predict when most children will learn different skills. Children develop skills in five main areas of development: 1. Cognitive Development This is the child's ability to learn and solve problems.
What are the characteristics of a child in the second plane of development? At six, there is a great transformation in the child, like a new birth, some of them are physically but most of them are mentally. The most noticed physical change is in their cute smiles with those hollow spaces between their teeth as the result of losing baby teeth. They also grow more evenly in their entire body and getting coarse hair. Mentally during the elementary years, children begin to move toward abstract thoughts.
As children grow language becomes more elaborate. This elaborate language consists of new associations; new meanings and more words in a child’s lexicon. So, researchers and psychologist started asking the following questions to understand how language acquisition takes place: 1. What takes place in language development? 2.
Physical changes include the loss of "baby fat," the legs become longer and thinner, and they move around with improved dexterity (Landers, 2013). Parents notice that their children begin to talk incessantly using complete sentences. Children at this age listen intently to interesting stories. In early childhood, preschoolers become possessive with their belongings or with an object that they are playing with, asserting their rights by the "mine" theory. If they possess a strong sense of self, they are more capable of reasoning and cooperating in resolving a dispute (Berk, 2010).