Communication and Intellectual development starts from the moment a baby is born. In cases where a baby has been neglected from this early stage it is found that they will experience difficulties in effective communication later in life. Babies enjoy listening to songs and games and most sill start to speak by around 12 months old. Between the ages of 1-2 they will be able to form short sentences and by the age of 2 will have a vocabulary of around 200 words. By the age of 3 a child will be using negatives and plurals in their speech and vocabulary will increase rapidly.
From birth through to adulthood children continually grow, develop, and learn. A child’s development can be measured through social, emotional, intellectual, physical and language developmental milestones. In general, child development progresses from head to toe. Beginning at the top of the body and gradually moving downwards from inner to outer. Firstly gaining control of muscles close to the head and then moving outwards so the large muscles in the shoulders and upper arms/thighs are first and the extremities last from simple to complex; children progress from simple words to complex sentences from general to specific; emotional responses involve the whole body in young babies but may involve only the face in an older child It is important to understand how children develop physically, socially, emotionally and intellectually and to know that all areas of development
As the new born grows into a young person he can take care of his or her own body and interact effectively with others. For these reasons, the primary developmental task of this stage is skill development. (Eamon, 2001) Physically, between the ages of three and five years, children continue to grow rapidly and begin to develop adequate motor skills. They began to master typical many skills like sitting, walking, and toilet training, using a spoon, scribbling and hand and eye coordination to catch and throw a ball. By age of five most children demonstrate fairly good control of pencils, crayons, and scissors.
E1- Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in 2 areas of development. Physical Development: Physical development is important for 3 reasons Allows new learning to take place Allows further development-build on skills already perfected Enhances confidence/self esteem 0-6 months Babies learn how to control their muscles and movements. Baby’s development of fine motor skills can be watches hands and plays with fingers, clasps and unclasps hands and can hold a rattle for a moment. Its development of gross motor skills are, lifts head and chest up and waves arms and brings hands together over body. By one month, a baby can turns its head from side to side when lying on the back or belly, and can move its hands and arms.
Allowing for the newborn to have many interactions with both their parents and other newborns will start the development of their social and emotional skills. When it comes to physical development, babies quickly develop muscle tone and by three months, most can raise their head when lying on their stomach and can open their hands and suck on their fingers (Spock, 2001, p.102). Their eyes can track a moving object and they are beginning to recognize faces. By seven months, an infant will reach for an object, sit up, roll over, babble and begin to show an interest in a mirror image. By their first
There is plenty of room in the womb so the baby can move around. At birth, the last weeks of pregnancy will have the baby’s head facing downwards. The uterus walls will start to contract and the cervix will dilate, causing the baby to pass into the vagina. The baby gasps and cries after birth, so the lungs start to work. The voices of the parents will be recognized.
Each aspect is important and all have impact on each other. To better explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development, the development will be divided into age groups: ZERO TO SIX MONTHS BABY Physical Development: • From the birth each month we can see the changes in the weight of the baby and the growth of the body parts • It will be able to turn its head to sound and movement • Watch the parent’s face while feeding • Smile at familiar faces and voices • stretches to reach its feet while lying down • tries to reach for and grab objects • keeps things in its mouth independently. Social and emotional development: • A six month old baby will respond to their mother’s face, smile. • Needs comfort and cuddles from their parents. Language development: • A six month old baby will be able to make a variety of happy sounds.
Within the early months a child will make eye contact and be able to turn their head to the smell of their mothers breasts, they will listen to voices, develop co-ordination, they enjoy colourful and shiny objects they should also be able to play simple games such as peek-a-boo. By age two a child will be amusing themselves with “pretend” play and favourite toys they have, by age three their concentration grows and they are able to control pencils and paintbrushes, at age four their memory will develop quickly, and should be able to build things with
Brain development is crucial for children between the ages of two and seven. The brain is forming vital neural paths that will later develop a child’s ability to function socially. At this time, “Children are able to learn at a rapid rate and want and need to learn new information. The brain at this age is like a sponge”(Elle, Rebekah. 26 July 2012).
“Infant &toddlers Brain development” It is interesting to see how a human’s brain develops, epically from the time they are born till around three. This is when a baby is learning to adjust to their new world and learn things such motor skill, talk, walk, emotions, communication, social skills, leaning and more. While going through the different ages/months of a infant/toddlers brain, it was incredible to lean how in just short periods of months more and more skills are developed. The first stage from newborn to two months, they can already hear sounds (especially their mothers), turn their head and eyes to the person talking to them and can see movements from 9-12 inches. I liked the fact that it tells/ teaches you how to hold newborns, breastfeeding tip and strategies you can do with them at this stage.