Cyp 3.1 Understand Child and Young Person Development

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Unit CYP Core 3.1: Understand child and young person development. Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years. The sequence of children’s development for each age is divided into four different aspects: Physical; Social, emotional, behavioural and moral; Communication and language; Intellectual and cognitive. 1. Physical Development: This refers to the body increasing in skill and performance and includes: gross motor development (using large muscles), for example legs and arms such as running, jumping, hopping, skipping and balance. Fine motor development (precise use of muscles), for example hands and fingers such as writing, threading, painting and drawing. Development is the gaining of skills in all aspects of the child’s life. General co-ordination and hand-eye co-ordination. It is usually very rapid early on in the child’s development. Within weeks of being born a baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and environments around them. By 6 months as their muscles begin to develop they will reach for and hold objects which they will also put into their mouths. 0 – 3 Years Physical development at this stage is usually very rapid. At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them feed or grasp whenever they touch something. By age one; they have much more control over their bodies. They are beginning to crawl, shuffle, pulling or pushing on things to stand etc. Between 1 and 2 years Walking will begin and toys will be pulled or pushed along whilst walking. They enjoy trying to feed themselves with finger foods. Waving goodbye becomes fun they will begin to point to what they want and shake their head to mean ‘no’. Between the ages of 2 and 3 mark making on paper will progress to scribbles as they begin to use pencils etc. Balls start to be kicked and thrown. Bricks will be built into larger

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