Understand the Expected Pattern of Development for Children and Young People from Birth to 19 Years

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A Childs Development is continuous and develops in stages. This can be measured in a number of ways taking a holistic approach, looking at the person as a whole . Physical, social/emotional, intellectual, communication and language. Physical Development 0-3 months. During this time the infant will sleep much of the time and will grow quite fast. They will try to lift their heads and start to kick their legs and wave arms. They will begin to hold objects when they are placed in the hand for example a rattle, they will also put them into their mouths. The grasp reflex will lessen as hand and eye coordination begins to develop. Become more alert when awake and learn to roll from side to back. 3-9 months. At this age they are starting to establish head control, moving their head around to follow objects and people. They begin to sit with support and from around 6 months old will start to sit unsupported. They will start to roll over and may begin to start to crawl. They will be able to stand with support from either parents or with the help of furniture. From about 8 months they will be able to put objects into containers and take them out again. The need for play and exercise increases either in the bath or with soft toys and board books. 9-18 months. By this age they are now very mobile e.g. crawling, bottom shuffling or walking. They can start to go upstairs with supervision but find difficulty with coming down. They can throw objects/toys deliberately and watch a ball rolling towards them and try to roll it back. Has developed a pincer grasp and points to objects with index finger. At this stage they can also place building bricks on top of each other to make a small tower. They can also hold a cup and are attempting to feed themselves. 18 months to 2 years. Now they will be walking well and toys will start to be pushed/pulled along while

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