The First Trimester takes place from the first week to the 13th week of pregnancy. Fertilization takes place when, in most cases, one sperm is able to make its way through the fallopian tube and burrow into the egg. Once fertilization occurs, the egg will change so that no other sperm can burrow into the egg. The sperm and egg form a new cell known as a zygote. Right when fertilization occurs, all of the child’s genes are set.
From eight to twelve weeks a baby will lift their head and chest when lying on their tummy and there is almost no head lag when in a sitting position. Their legs can kick vigorously, both separately and together. They wave their arms, bring their hands together and play with their fingers. They are able to hold a rattle for a short time before dropping it. At this age babies become distressed by sudden loud noises and show
Following an intensive screening and selection process the donor endures a few weeks of invasive medical procedures. First the donor and the woman who will carry the child must coordinate their menstrual cycles. Typically the donor and the recipient take birth-control pills, followed by shots of a synthetic hormone such as Lupron; the combination suppresses ovulation and puts their cycles in sync. After altering her cycle the donor must enhance her egg supply with fertility drugs in the same way an infertile woman does when trying to conceive. Shots of a fertility hormone are administered for seven to eleven days, to stimulate the production of an abnormally large number of egg-containing follicles.
Because Arabella is now in the Fetus stage rapid changes were occurring throughout the following months Arabella mother felt her move for the first time at four months and it would feel like a punch and kick inside her mother’s stomach. The brain also becomes increasingly sophisticated during this stage, so now Arabellas brain can send messages to her body. Arabella can now also hear sound, her mother talks to her and lets her know that she can’t wait for her arrival. By the eighth month Arabellas mothers body was very tired and ready, Arabella is not 7 ½ lbs. (Feldman, 2001 p. 54) Arabella was full term, fully developed, and ready for birth, her mother’s body released the protein CRH which started the process of birth.
Unit 201 – Child and young person development Outcome 1) Know the main stages of child and young person development 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. a) Physical development Between birth and 6 months an infant begins to develop a rhythm of feeding, sleeping and eliminating which may correspond with the primary care givers sleeping patterns. The infant will also gain control of eye movement and develop basic motor control so they will be able to balance their head, roll over, pull self to sitting and may briefly sit alone. This will help normal muscle development as the infant grows rapidly, doubling their birth weight. By 12 months the infant will be able to crawl and may be beginning to walk, they will use large objects, furniture and people to pull themselves to standing.
* From 4-8 weeks babies should be able to slightly lift their head when laid on their front. * By 2 months babies should be kicking their legs enthusiastically. * By 2-3 months a baby should be able to watch and follow a moving face, by using their eyes or tilting their head in the direction the moving face is going. Communication and Intellectual Development: * Baby watches faces and facial expressions carefully. * Recognises familiar faces from a distance after a while and gets used to familiar objects.
Language development. Your baby will now shout for attention and by around 8 months your baby's babbling will develop into speech, and she may start using dual syllables such as mamma, dadda, and by 12 months may be able to say between 2 and 6 words, and may imitate adult sounds such as coughing and smacking lips. Your baby may now understand words such as no and bye, bye, and may begin to hand objects to an adult when asked, such as can you pass mummy your
an appropriate size/shaped rattle. He/she learn to roll from side on to back and try to lift head, he/she also needs opportunities to play and exercise with items such as soft toys, cloth books and a play matt with different textures and sounds to help progress their physical development, their grasp reflex diminishes as hand and eye coordination begins to develop. Communication and intellectual development at 0 to 3 months. He/she will start to recognise familiar voices and stop crying when hearing them, they are more likely to recognise their parents voice and concentrate on them rather than unfamiliar ones, he/she are also aware of other sounds and will turn their head toward the sound. A baby of this age will respond to smiles and will move their whole body in response to sound/ to attract attention, he/she sees everything in relation to their self this is know as Egocentric.
Unit 201 Child and young person development From birth until 19 years of age children and young people will tend to exhibit certain similarities which have complied into a development plan. Although children and young people are different and have different experiences, they grow and develop in a similar way. Babies are usually born at 40 weeks, which is a full term pregnancy. At this early stage they show signs of recognition towards their mother, they know her voice and smell. They even know that if they cry it is a sign of distress which lets people know they need help.
Most people believe that language development begins when a child starts to talk which is around one year of age but the influence of a parent and adult on language development happens a lot earlier but is not true because it happened it the womb because the mother talk to the baby while they growing inside the mother Parents and other caregivers must start by using appropriate language and responding to children’s use of language in the proper way if language development is to progress in a healthy manner. By supporting them in this role, we reap significant dividends throughout a child’s entire scholastic career .Children learn language by listening to speech in the world around them. Every time you speak to your child, you are modelling language and the rule system that makes up the language. Spending time with your child, playing and talking with him will help encourage and facilitate his language