I think the aim of literacy is to teach children/young people the ability to understand the English language both verbally and non-verbally. Children/young people should be encouraged to explore the way the English language works for example through phonics for vocabulary, reading, writing and spelling, this will help children and young people to have the knowledge to be able to read, write and spell with confidence. Children and young people will be able to expand their vocabulary through holding literacy skills. Being a secondary school the school has an English department that teaches literacy to student from year 7 (key stage 3) through to year 13 (A level), students have 3 hours of English a week up to the end of their GSCS’s, A level English students would have 5 hours a week. We also have core studies, which are run by HLTA in the learning support department.
The importance of early identification of speech, language and communication delays and disorders and the potential risks of late recognition Language is one of the most important skills we will ever learn. Everything we do at home or work requires us to communicate with our families, friends and colleagues. Without language it is incredibly difficult to share our thoughts and feelings with others, to make lasting friendships, to give and receive information and to learn about the world in which we live. The ability to use and understand language is essential for all children too. Children learn language in such a short space of time and this is why the pre-school years are so crucial - with parents and early years workers playing a vital role in encouraging children's communication development.
Introduction E1 – There are many national frameworks and policies for the development of communication, language and literacy skills for children aged 3-8 years. Some of these include: * The Early Years Foundation Phase The Early Years Foundation Phase says that children will develop their communication, language and literacy skills through talking, signing, communicating and listening. It also says that children should be encouraged to communicate with others to tell them what they need, how they feel and be able to retell their past experiences. They say that children will ask questions, voice and express their opinions, react to situations and make their own choices. They will also be encouraged to listen to and respond to others.
• Teachers need to regularly and systematically use multiple indicators to assess and monitor children’s progress in reading and writing. The research-based statement stresses that for children to become skilled readers, they need to develop a rich language and conceptual knowledge base, a broad and deep vocabulary, and verbal reasoning abilities to understand messages conveyed through print. At the same time, it recognizes that children also must develop code-related skills: an understanding that spoken words are composed of smaller elements of speech (phonological awareness), the idea that letters represent these sounds (the alphabetic principle), and the knowledge that there are systematic correspondences between sounds and spellings. But to attain a high level of skill, young children need many opportunities to develop these strands interactively, not in isolation. Meaning, not sounds or letters, drives children’s earliest experiences with print.
Positive messages about their families, background, cultures and languages help children to develop pride in who they are. These messages also give them confidence to voice their views and opinions, to make choices, and to help shape their learning. The book ‘Possum Magic’ would be appropriate for Stage 1 (Year 1) students. I feel for the desired outcome this is a great age for building confident exercises and to help develop the child’s identity and to introduce an open mind thinking. 2.
Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully and identify the phonemes that makes up each word. This help children to learn to read words and spell words. WHY IS PHONICS IMPORTANT? Learning phonics will help a child to learn to read and spell. Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of letters and letter combinations will help a child decoded words as they read.
Therefore, to make a better understanding for text types that given by teacher, based on curriculum for junior high school grade 8, such as; descriptive text, narrative text, recount, and anecdote, students can use reading comprehension skills that suit their needs. Reading comprehension skills that can be used to understand text types are; previewing, learning to look for the topic, use vocabulary strategies, and finding the pattern of organization. 1. Previewing Good readers understand what they read and remember the information for further learning. Becoming a good reader means getting the skills that effective readers have.
1.2 DESCRIBE WITH EXAMPLES HOW TO BEHAVE APPROPRIATELY FOR A CHILD OR YOUNG PERSON’S STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT? First impressions are important for everyone not only child but for parents and people we work with. Children of different age will need varying levels of attention; some may be more advanced than others. Children with “special needs” will need more help. When we work with infants at nursery to help them with basics vocabulary and numeracy we need to choose media that will help them understand.
It is generally recognised as being an essential part in children’s growth and development. This understanding of play is the reason why play environments and activities are provided in the early years curricula and foundation stage. By providing this environment it encourages children to learn through play. Physical, cognitive, language, social and emotional development are all affected by play, which is why it is so important. We need to make sure that a range of play opportunities are provided to encourage this, and ensure that we provide materials that are stimulating and attractive, whilst encouraging children to make choices and to take responsibility for their play.
Physical Devolpment 0-3 years This is a stage where devolpemnt happens very quickly. With babies not having much control over their bodies when they are first born, to learning to have more control over there bodies. When they are first born babies movements depend on a series of reflexes. These include sucking and grasping which are vital things they would need to survive. Over the first 12 months they will learn more to control their bodies and by 12 months most babies should have devolped to the point where they should be able to crawl or roll.