From eight to twelve weeks a baby will lift their head and chest when lying on their tummy and there is almost no head lag when in a sitting position. Their legs can kick vigorously, both separately and together. They wave their arms, bring their hands together and play with their fingers. They are able to hold a rattle for a short time before dropping it. At this age babies become distressed by sudden loud noises and show
* Makes eye contact * May move their eyes towards the direction of sound * Responds to sounds, especially familiar voices. | 3 months | * Baby can imitate low or high pitched sounds. * Knows the smell of their mum from that of others. * Recognises differing speech sounds | * Baby will stay awake for longer periods. * Will fix eyes on mum’s face when feeding.
Unit 201 – Child and young person development Outcome 1) Know the main stages of child and young person development 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. a) Physical development Between birth and 6 months an infant begins to develop a rhythm of feeding, sleeping and eliminating which may correspond with the primary care givers sleeping patterns. The infant will also gain control of eye movement and develop basic motor control so they will be able to balance their head, roll over, pull self to sitting and may briefly sit alone. This will help normal muscle development as the infant grows rapidly, doubling their birth weight. By 12 months the infant will be able to crawl and may be beginning to walk, they will use large objects, furniture and people to pull themselves to standing.
0 to 3 years: Physical Development: Rapid development of gross motor skills and fine motor skills leading to crawling and mobility followed by improvement of skills for eye and hand co-ordination. Communication and Intellectual Development: Adult communication with babies should lead to speech and an increase in their vocabulary as well as the successful use of negatives and plurals in their speech patterns. Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development: Children begin to form their individual identities and develop emotional attachments the earliest of which is likely to be with parents and carers. 3 to 7 years: Physical Development: More co-ordinated movements leading to running, kicking and even better eye and hand co-ordination leading to drawing and writing. Communication and Intellectual Development: Children will have the ability to phrase questions and be able to use past and future tense in their communications as well as improvements with writing and numeracy.
Unit 331 understand child and young person development. 1.1 Sequence and rate of development is all dependant on the individual child/young person, their physical, communication, intellectual and social development is crucial to understand in order to help them. 0 to 3 years old babies are new to this atmosphere they use small muscle movements such as reflexes, sucking, smiling and raising their hands. By 5 months they begin to roll over and shuffle, at 8 months they pull and push on toys/furniture/anything and everything to stand and then glide using the same method of transport. At this stage they are now becoming more curious and want to play with toys, teeth are beginning to sprout and they are now eating solids.
When a child is born they are physically active they will be trying to lift their heads up kicking and waving their arms about. Being physically active will continue into adulthood. Between the ages of 0-3 years a child will learn and continue to learn physical things like lifting their head sitting up and crawling then walking and running. 0-9months a new born will sleep much of the time and will grow fast. They will be trying to lift there heads up and will be kicking and waving their arms about and will be becoming more alert.will now support their own head and will be rolling about they will beging to sit with support and will now start to use the Palmer grasp and pincer grasp.9-18 months they will now be holding a cup and trying to feed themselfs and will be more mobile climbing stairs with supervision but will need help to get back down.
They will start losing teeth so it’s good to explain them to keep them clean. Reading at this stage is more improved. They like to challenge themselves with puzzles and games. Teenagers 13 years old will start physically changes in their body, so it’s important to check on the child to be sure there isn’t something happening in the life like bullying. We need to answer them that even if they changing they are normal and in time they will be the person they meant to be.
0 to 3 years is a period of fast physical development. When born babies have very little control over their bodies. They have primitive reflexes such as sucking, grasping and rooting. Their head control is unsteady, but they will grasp at objects when they touch the palms of their hands. As they progress up to 12 months they will learn to watch movements of their own hands, they will be able to roll over, sit with support, sit without support, reach out for toys when sitting, and crawl or shuffle along the floor.
Even from a few months old they will smile and engage with their carer and by four months can vocalise by ‘babbling’ and ‘cooing’. From six months old an infant will become more interested in social interaction, although that depends on the amount of time spent with other children and his/hers personality, they will also have a fear of strangers and distress at the separation of a parent or carer. By the time they are nine months old an infant can recognise familiar and unfamiliar faces. From one year ‘temper tantrums’ may have begun. They become more demanding and assertive and can express rage at being told ‘no’, they have no idea of sharing and a strong sense of ‘mine’.