Stages Of Cognitive Development

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CheckPoint: Stages of Cognitive Development Infancy (Birth-2): Birth-1 Month: Cognitive capabilities are limited. At this stage infants exclusively use their reflexes. 1-4 Months: At this stage infants engage in behaviors that accidentally produce specific effects. After many attempts, infants then repeat the behavior to obtain the same effect. 4-8 Months: At this stage infants begin to explore the impact of their behaviors on the environment. 8-12 Months: At this stage infants purposefully carry out goal-directed behaviors. At about 9 months, infants search for objects that are hidden from view. 12-18 Months: This is considered the toddler stage. During this stage, toddlers explore cause-and-effect relationships by intentionally manipulating causes to produce novel effects. 18-24 Months: At this stage toddlers begin demonstrating that they have started to internalize symbols as objects, such as people, places, and things. They also begin using words to refer to specific items, such as milk, dog, papa, or mama. Early Childhood (2-6): During this stage, children increase their use of language and other symbols, their imitation of adult behaviors, and their play. Children at this age also have short attention spans and can become easily distracted. Children of this age may also play games of make-believe. Middle Childhood (6-10): During this stage, children do not use magical thinking and are not as easily misled as younger children. Children of this age group can engage in classification, or the ability to group according to features. Early Adolescence (10-14): During this stage, children have longer attention spans and are able to stick to doing one thing for longer periods of time. Children of this age can also think abstractly and deductively. Late Adolescence (14-18): During this stage, children acquire the ability to think
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