Teaching Assistant Course Level 3 - Unit 2 Children and Young Peoples Development 0-19 Years

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Unit 2 1. A) Explain the difference between sequence of development and rate of development from birth to 19 years of age. Please ensure that you include the following • physical • communication • intellectual/cognitive • social, emotional and behavioural • moral Each child is unique and will develop in there own way and own time, many of these skills and areas of development will overlap with one another. The main aspects of development include physical development,Communication and Language development, Intellectual and cognitive development, and social,emotional,behavioural and moral development. Most children will follow the same “pattern of development” but the ages at what they meet them may differ depending on the individual. Milestones of development are given as broad average of when a a child should be expected to reach a particular stage. Physical Development 0-3 Years: This stage is usually very rapid. At birth babies depend on reflexes for movements to enable them to feed or grasp whenever they touch something. By age one; they have much more control over their bodies. They are beginning to crawl, shuffle, pulling or pushing on things to stand etc. Between 1 and 2 years walking will begin and toys will be pulled or pushed along whilst walking. They enjoy trying to feed themselves with finger foods. Waving goodbye becomes fun they will begin to point to what they want and shake their head to mean ‘no’. Between the ages of 2 and 3 mark making on paper will progress to scribbles as they begin to use pencils etc. Balls start to be kicked and thrown. Bricks will be built into larger towers than before, and they will start to experiment with liquids in play by pouring. 3-7 Years: At 3 years children begin to gain more independence. Their mobility and climbing skills will be advancing as they run, jump, catch, walk up and down
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