Tda 2.1 Childcare Essay

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Sarah Sunderland Unit TDA 2.1 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young peoples development from birth to 19 years, to include: a. Physical Development: 0-3 Years New born babies depend on flexes as they do not have much control over their bodies as they grow they start to develop movements and actions called gross motor skills this includes crawling, sitting up grabbing objects, being able to hold objects with a good grip, running and jumping. When they reach 2 years of age they should have more control of their movements and when they turn 3 they will start to develop fine motor skills such as painting, colouring, turning pages of books and at this stage they should be able to feed themselves and should be able to hold a cup. 3-7 Years Development at this stage can differ with each child as all children develop at their own stages but they should have improved in their fine motor skills so they should be able to handle scissors, take part in sports for example they will be able to hold a bat and hit a ball, they will start to learn to write their own name and draw pictures. 7-12 Years At this stage children will have their own hobbies and interests, they will take part in more sporting such as football and tennis They will be able to control their movements and flexes for example they will be able to take part in gymnastics and dancing. 12- 16 Years Children will have changed a lot at this stage, some children will have grown a lot taller and physical stronger as puberty may start or have already begun. 16 to 19 Years At this stage children are considered to be adults most young people will be physically matured at this stage but can continue to grow until their mid 20’s. b. Communication and Intellectual Development 0-3 Years New born children do no have the abilities to speak yet but quickly learn ways to communicate for example they

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