Communication and Intellectual development starts from the moment a baby is born. In cases where a baby has been neglected from this early stage it is found that they will experience difficulties in effective communication later in life. Babies enjoy listening to songs and games and most sill start to speak by around 12 months old. Between the ages of 1-2 they will be able to form short sentences and by the age of 2 will have a vocabulary of around 200 words. By the age of 3 a child will be using negatives and plurals in their speech and vocabulary will increase rapidly.
In early childhood children have an abundance of energy that they have a hard time controlling. In this stage children run instead of walking. They jump and skip showing the exuberant amount of energy that they have. During early childhood gross and fine motor skills are starting to become refined. A child’s hand eye coordination improves and they develop the ability to do tasks such as jump rope, hit a ball and use things such as pencils and crayons with better control.
Developmental areas are broken down into the following categories: Physical Intellectual Language/Communication Emotional Social/Behavioural Development is extensive, but here are some examples of what is expected, by age group, by category: 0-3 Months : Physical Growth is sporadic in first couple of years and growth starts at a fast pace, but slows, as they get older. The brain is growing and connections are being made fuelling fast development. Stronger neck muscles enable them to hold up their head briefly and propped and supported can sit for 30mins approx. Kicks and waves arms when excited, this uses the same muscles needed for standing in later development, and the same movement as stepping, so they are already practicing for becoming fully mobile. They also start to become more alert when awake and start to hold smaller items in a “grasp” such as a rattle.
Describe how the components of a balanced diet contribute to an individual’s health at different life stages. Babies * Babies grow rapidly and are active which makes them have a high energy requirement for their size. It is often easier for babies to meet their nutritional requirements by eating frequent small meals. New and unusual foods and flavours may be introduced to extend the range of foods eaten. * At about six months babies start to need more nutrients that can be supplied by milk alone.
Teens begin to see their bodies as more than just boy or girl. Sexual organs become more pronounced, and the sexual urge begins to happen. Most adolescents will go through a growth spurt sometime in their teen years. This is hereditary and occurs unless the child has some sort of genetic problem that prevents it. Geography also has an effect on physical development of adolescence.
Understand child and young peoples development. 1.2) Explain the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the difference is important. Sequence of development is some thing that the child has to develop in order - for example they learn to recognise words before being able to attempt saying that word themselves or a baby has to learn to sit up and support their own weight before being able to crawl. The rate of development is the speed at which the child develops a skill. Some children’s rate of development is a lot faster then others, for example some babies learn to walk at 10 months while others don’t start walking until they are over a year old.
Let's focus on the normal child development process for the stages of early childhood and middle childhood. Physical Development Early childhood is the stage in which those cute, round, and baby-like bodies change into a more proportionate form. This is mostly due to their arms and legs becoming longer. They gain fine motor skills that allow them to function in a more efficient manner. For example, they are able to hold a pencil with their index finger and thumb, instead of clutching it in the palm of their hands.
Adolescence for boys usually begins later than for girls and usually occurs around fourteen years of age. However, at the end of this growth period, boys are usually bigger than girls. Boys at this age are beginning to develop sex characteristics such as deep voices and body hair and also experience muscle growth and start to take on a manly
Growth spurts are the first outward sign of puberty. Changes in height and weight can be seen during these spurts. “Growth in body size is complete for most girls by age 16 and for boys by age 17 ½” (Berk,2010). In girls, breasts will begin to “bud”, pubic hair appears, and they will experience their first menstruation cycle. In boys, testes and penis will begin to enlarge, pubic and facial hair appears, and they will experience deepening of their voice.
Puberty is a rite of passage, which number events in life take place and the events lead to adulthood and maturity. Puberty can be an especially, trying time for some an adolescence girl or boy. Girl During Puberty During puberty a girl’s body goes through emotional change such as psychical change, social change, and cognitive development. Puberty is the change in body size, proportions, motor performance, and sexual maturity. Girls tend to age two years earlier than boys.