Educ 302 Case Study 1

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EDUC 302 Case Study 1 You have a student who is struggling with your synthetic approach to teaching phonics. Explain 3 alternative approaches to phonics instruction that you could use to help this student. Alternative #1: Linguistic Phonics Instruction, on page 231, is an approach that teaches unknown words by placing together sound-symbol patterns. For example, Dr. Seuss books use sound-symbol patterns and use the repetition of words that sound alike to teach new words. A good way to teach this to a child who is having problems with synthetic patterns, is to give them books, like Cat in the Hat by Dr. Seuss. Orally repeating words that sound alike and practicing writing them as we say them. As we do this the child will be able to say that –at makes this sound in a words, which will help them learn new and bigger words. Also a good way to use this type of instruction is to use actual objects and have the child sort them by the way they sound, then writing those words, and then making sentences out of them. Alternative #2: Spelling Based Instruction, on pages 234 and 235, is an approach that focuses on each child individual level of knowledge. It is a good way to figure out where each child is in the process of learning to read, write, and spell; and then build upon in successfully. The text suggests an informal assessment by placing the children in the class into groups and have them write something. This observe what level they are on. Based on what level they are on, then move them into a group of children that are at the same level. Then, as a teacher, build upon their knowledge at their level and pace. The guide the students into learning new words on their own, this could be done by reading and practicing writing. Alternative #3: Embedded Phonics Instruction, on pages 235 and 236, is a literature-based instruction. Students learn new words based on

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