After birth, baby begins his first interaction with a smile when looked into his eyes by the parent. The parent is baby's first playmate as well as his first teacher of skills. With the parent's help, baby gets to know others, and also likes to be in their company. Newborns show great signs of interest in faces and imitate their facial expressions. He begins to express his needs through various facial expression which is another means of social interaction.
Allowing for the newborn to have many interactions with both their parents and other newborns will start the development of their social and emotional skills. When it comes to physical development, babies quickly develop muscle tone and by three months, most can raise their head when lying on their stomach and can open their hands and suck on their fingers (Spock, 2001, p.102). Their eyes can track a moving object and they are beginning to recognize faces. By seven months, an infant will reach for an object, sit up, roll over, babble and begin to show an interest in a mirror image. By their first
March 9, 2010 The purposes of observations have become the most dominant method for learning children’s development as they are young. It requires a much more focus on the child’s behaviors, observation allows the teacher to get to know the child as a unique individual, rather than as a member of a group. Young children need to have models from a teacher in order to understand appropriate behaviors when being observed. Learning the importance of observations important, as is developing the skills of how to observe. Observation can be used for three major purposes: (1) to understand children’s behavior, (2) to evaluate children’s development, and (3) to evaluate learning progress.
By the age of 3 a child will be using negatives and plurals in their speech and vocabulary will increase rapidly. Social, emotional and behavioural development - The first relationships that very young children build are with their parents/carers. At this stage young children will express frustration by throwing tantrums, and will want to start doing things for themselves. 3-7 years At this stage children will be refining their physical movements and being more confident with them. More control is developed over
E1- Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in 2 areas of development. Physical Development: Physical development is important for 3 reasons Allows new learning to take place Allows further development-build on skills already perfected Enhances confidence/self esteem 0-6 months Babies learn how to control their muscles and movements. Baby’s development of fine motor skills can be watches hands and plays with fingers, clasps and unclasps hands and can hold a rattle for a moment. Its development of gross motor skills are, lifts head and chest up and waves arms and brings hands together over body. By one month, a baby can turns its head from side to side when lying on the back or belly, and can move its hands and arms.
This essay will demonstrate how these relationships can be built and what is needed to make these relationships successful across the ages of 0-5. The beginnings of a relationship are formed just a few weeks after a child is born. The Understanding Children (2007) DVD, Band 1, shows babies enjoying the interaction of play and communication when spoken to. The way in which the adult talks to the child is very important. Research has shown that the sing-song speech, often accompanied by exaggerated facial expressions is loved by babies, (Rai & Flynn, p27).
Child and Young Person Development Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years. |Age (years) |Physical Development |Communication and intellectual development |Social, emotional and behavioural development| |0 – 3 |If the baby is pulled to sitting position, |The baby responds to sounds, especially familiar |A baby’s first smile in definite response to | | |the head will lag, the back curves over and |sounds. |carer is usually around 5-6 weeks. | | |the head falls. |The baby shows excitement at sound of approaching |The baby turns to regard nearby speaker’s | | |The baby turns its head towards the light and|footsteps or voices.
It is now widely recognised and supported by research that the most critical stage of a child’s development falls before the age of 12, particularly in the first three years of life. Early experiences and developing relationships are therefore fundamental to brain development (Kotulak 1975: 5). Unfortunately for some children, the negative influences and experiences that they are subjected to at an early age, can have a profound and lasting effect on them in later life. With this in mind, the central foundations upon which any child’s learning should start, is based on offering the child a stable, secure and loving environment in which they feel safe. Research suggests that lack of these positive influences in a child’s early years can have a significant impact on both cognitive development and health (Child 2005).
Language development: • A six month old baby will be able to make a variety of happy sounds. • will respond to music and singing • will mirror their parent’s movements and expressions. 6 TO 12 MONTHS BABY Physical development: • The toddler will have learnt to sit first with support, and then without. • will be able to roll over • he will begin to crawl or shuffle • he will be able to stand with support • he will raise his arms when he wants to be lifted • he will respond to his name • he will pass objects from hand to hand • Look for things that have been hidden and reach for food. Social and emotional development: • Baby will develop “Separation Anxiety” (some babies develop it earlier or
Some children’s rate of development is a lot faster then others, for example some babies learn to walk at 10 months while others don’t start walking until they are over a year old. It is important to know the difference because when working with children you can observe firstly the sequence of their development to see if they are developing how they should be I.E supporting their head and then learning to sit up and also to be able to plan effectively for the child you are working with. Also it is important to know the difference between sequence and rate of development because you need to be able to observe what rate they are developing at to see if they developing as they should be and if they need and extra support in some areas such as communication for example. 2.1) Explain how children and young peoples development is influenced by a range of personal factors A child’s development may be different to the development of a child that is the same age as them. This could be down to such factors as their health, family up bringing or environment.