Babies show increased anxiety and restlessness when they are with unfamiliar people. The first and most important relationships serve as a child’s earliest lessons in forming close, emotional bonds. A primary caregiver can be another, a father, or any person close to the child to who they form a strong bond with. They can show emotions by crying for help, responds to parent’s smiles and voices, and gurgles in response to sounds around her, or smiling back when you smile at him/her. | Closely related to infants' emotional development is their social development; it's through relationships with caregivers and other people that children learn how to apply and use their emotions, expressions, and emotional understanding.
CYP 31 Understand child and young person development Outcome 1 Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth – 19 years 1. Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years Development is the gaining of skills in all aspects of a child’s life. The different types of development are split into four areas: Physical development: this refers to the body increasing in skill and performance and includes: * gross motor development (using large muscles), for example legs and arms * fine motor development (precise use of muscles), for example hands and fingers Social and emotional development: this is the development of a child’s identity and self-image, the development of relationships and feelings about him or herself and learning the skills to live in society with other people. Intellectual development: this is learning the skills of understanding, memory and concentration. Communication and speech development: this is learning to communicate with friends, family and all others.
CYP 3.1 [1 1.1] Explain the sequence and rate of aspect of development from birth to the age of 19 years. Age | Area of development | Observation | 0 – 2 yrs | Physical | At a young age, babies will have the ability to ‘suckle’ and ‘grasp’, with the ability to hold their heads after a few months. Will be able to turn their heads towards sounds.In the first 12 months of development, most babies will be able to ‘sit up’ without support and will quickly develop the ability to crawl and roll.By the first year, fine motor skills will have been developed, such as holding/grasping small items and exploring items with the index finger. Between the ages of 1 and 2, children will be able to pull themselves up from a seated position.By the age of two/three, children will be able to stand and walk confidently and at the later age of three, be able to walk and run safely. | | Communication | From birth, babies will be able show a sign of communication by ‘crying’ and even ‘smiling’.
Babies will stretch out their arms suddenly and then clasp them inwards in any situations in which they feel that they are falling. | Fine motor skills. Manipulative skills. | 1Month | Babies stop crying because they hear a familiar voice. Babies stop crying as they are picked up but start crying when they are put down.
They are able to get things they want for themselves for example reaching for their blanket or toy without any support. They become more curious about things around them and start to investigate by placing things inside their mouths; however this could also be due to teething. Babies begin to play with their hands/fingers, by clasping them together and unclasping them and also raising their hands as a symbol to people. | A child’s communication and intellectual development from 3 to 6 months Sounds and noises will become that little bit more familiar and the baby will try and mimic what it is they can hear for example the sounds animals make. This alone will continue to progress.
When we work with infants at nursery to help them with basics vocabulary and numeracy we need to choose media that will help them understand. Small children will remember songs, words and rhymes. Infants learn by looking, hearing and touching. They pay attention to voices, music and rattles. Patience is the most important skill.
Babies would shake, knock over toys to learn. As they develop (three-five) they will do things such as finger painting, playing in water or sand, feeling different objects and collecting things such as leaves/bugs. Physical coordination- When engaging in physical activities the child is strengthen their physical coordination ways to do this is through play which can be a number of things from clapping to climbing The Importance of Play and Development AGE 1-2 YEARS Musical instruments Outline of activity- Playing musical instruments The activity will encourage communication by- listening to each other play beats, hearing different sounds and having fun The activity will encourage social and emotional development by- Smiling and interacting with other children The activity will encourage cognitive development by- Using fine and gross motor skills, associating different sounds. The Importance of Play in Development AGES 3-4 YEARS Reading activity Outline of activity- Reading books in a group Resources needed- Adult, children and books The activity will encourage communication by- Speaking and listen and by asking
Cries as a way of communicating, when hungry, tired, needs a nappy change or when wants comfort, or even when regular routine is changed. Will grab on to items, parent/carer’s finger/hair/face and also attempt to put these items in their mouth. Kicks legs and starts to wave arms around, also attempts to lift head and turn head towards movement and sound. Learns
Four year olds usually play happily with other children enjoying physical games as well as stories. They learn to understand about feelings and needs of others and their behaviour shows they feel sympathy for others and can share their toys; taking turns some of the time. They occasionally feel jealous of their parent’s relationship. Parent’s let them know that their relationship is important to them. They often develop favourite games like ‘mummies and daddies’ and ‘superman’, allowing them to try out various adult roles.
Social and Emotional Development:- the development of a child’s image and identity, relationships and of everyday living and social skills. Intellectual/Communication: - the development of a child’s understanding and development of communication with others. Babies begin to develop there physical development within weeks of being born. A baby will start to smile and respond to sounds and the environment around them. By six months a babies muscles will begin to develop, so they will reach out and hold objects in their hands.