Task 1.1 Physical Development from 0-19 years Babies are born with starting signs of physical development. They can move their head and limbs, will start to grasp fingers and if held in an upright position use their legs in a stepping movement. They are also born with the ability to suck which is essential for feeding. By around 6 months a child can turn their heads towards sound and movement as well as smiling at familiar faces and watching an adults face when feeding. They can reach to hold their feet when lying on their backs, .
The last reflex is the walking and standing reflex, when babies are help up with their feet on the floor or a firm ground and they begin to perform stepping movements as if they are walking. Cognitive – Babies can recognise the smell and sound of their mother’s voice. Communication – Crying when they are hungry. Tired, need changing or distressed. Social/Emotional and Behavioural – Mostly when feeding they love close contact between the parent/carer and the baby.
Language development. Your baby will now shout for attention and by around 8 months your baby's babbling will develop into speech, and she may start using dual syllables such as mamma, dadda, and by 12 months may be able to say between 2 and 6 words, and may imitate adult sounds such as coughing and smacking lips. Your baby may now understand words such as no and bye, bye, and may begin to hand objects to an adult when asked, such as can you pass mummy your
They will turn their head towards light and shiny objects and are fascinated with the human face. They can focus on objects up to 20cm away. They react to sounds, especially familiar voices and quieten when picked up. They begin to make eye contact, cry to indicate need and move their eyes towards the direction of sound. Between four to eight weeks the baby begins to turn from their side to back and can lift their head briefly from the lying on their tummy.
Between the ages of 3 and 12 a child greatly develops their hand eye coordination through activities such as drawing, painting and sports. By the age of 7 a child will be able to throw, catch and kick a ball with some accuracy which helps muscle development as well as coordination. The child will be very active and experience growth spurts. They will also be able to eat independently with the correct utensils, and tend to their own toileting needs. Children may develop nervous habits such as foot tapping at around the age of 8, this could pass but might become an involuntary
Unit 4227-022 Understand child and young person development. 1.1 Explain the sequence rate of each aspect of development from birth o 19 years. Children will develop at different rates and in many different ways, although the sequence of how they develop is relatively the same, for example, babies tend to sit up before they crawl, and crawl before they walk. Physical development Birth-12months: Within weeks of birth, young babies will begin smiling, and responding to sounds around them, babies from 6 months will start to sit up and crawl, enjoy new tastes and textures of foods and use their hand eye coordination to hold onto objects. 1-2 years: Children will begin walking and toys will start to be pushed/pulled along whilst walking (often to support with walking) Objects will be picked up and banged together or built to make a small tower.
TDA 2.1 Child and young person development Task 1 Physical Development Birth to one year Newborn babies can turn their heads to look for food, and once found they are able to suck and swallow. If you hold a baby upright with their feet on your lap or a surface of some kind they will make stepping movements. They will also stretch out their arms when they want to be picked up. As they grow, a baby’s determination to master movement, balance, and the fine-motor skills is very high. 1-3 Years By their first birthday, most babies have learnt the basics of movement and being mobile by either sitting, rolling, shuffling or crawling around.
 Sucking Reflex: The stimulus for this reflex is if you put something in a baby’s mouth they will automatically suck it. This disappears when the baby is around two months old. This is when the baby will suck voluntarily. This reflex ensures the baby can feed properly for the first couple months of their lives.  Startle Reflex: When a baby hears a loud sound or see’s a bright light they will react by moving their arms out and clenching their fists.
At this stage they are now becoming more curious and want to play with toys, teeth are beginning to sprout and they are now eating solids. At the age of 1 the child will begin walking and playing with favourite toys. Their mental development takes a huge leap and they start to build, arrange cars in a row even in colour sequence. The child will be able to use a beaker and eat food (finger food). They will be saying a couple of clear words – ma, papa, dada and my personal favourite ‘no’.
Their first teeth may have appeared and bite on everything they can see. They are becoming more inquisitive with objects, passing them between their hands and looking for things that are hiding. Language Development Babies will begin to watch faces and mouths while trying to copy movements and sounds. They will begin to vocalize, squeal, cry, laugh and say dada and mama. Social and Emotional Development Babies begin to recognize faces while smiling and attaching to parents.