By Dominick Fobbs “The Persian Wars were as important to the supremacy of Athens, as the Peloponnesian Wars were to supremacy of Sparta”. It started with the Greeks growing population, and some migrated along the Mediterranean Sea for new land. They settled along the eastern side of the Aegean Sea, right next to Persia. Thus, Persia taxed them, which resulted in a war breaking out. Persia conquered everyone they met at first.
The Spartans were really close to them on the other hand, this led to them having an open shot to Athens with little in their way. The Athenians had ships, but that didn’t stop Lysander from get into Athens and ending the war. xxii. The conflict after the war was mainly caused by the amount of power that the Spartans had. It caused Persia to help Athens for freedom and it also caused the city-states to revolt from Spartan control.
Tensions between the Peloponnesian League and the Delian League eventually led to the Peloponnesian war. Thucydides believed that Sparta was afraid of the growing power of Athens, which had essentially resulted in the creation of an Athenian empire. Sparta felt that Athens was meddling in their business, and Athens would not agree to avoid interference. After twenty-seven years of war, and the participation in one way or another of many of the city-states belonging to the two leagues, both Sparta and Athens were in ruins. Sparta claimed the victory, and the city-states continued their bickering and fighting.
To what extent was Themistocles’ contribution a key factor in bringing about a Greek victory in the Persian Wars (480-479 BC) Themistocles played a crucial role in bringing about a Greek victory in the Persian Wars from 480-479 BC. A Greek victory was achieved in 480 BC at the Battle of Salamis due to the superior tactics used by Themistocles, both during the battle and the naval policy introduced prior. Themistocles was ‘the most intelligent general [at Salamis],’ and was ‘a man of intellect, foresight and cunning.’ It was largely due to these attributes that Themistocles enforced great tactical decisions making him a key factor in bringing about Greek victory in the Persian Wars (480-479 BC). Themistocles was an Athenian politician and naval strategist who was the creator of the Athenian sea power. Following the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC, Greece underwent great development in an attempt to become a stronger power and eliminate Persian threat.
The Athenian ownership of the Delos treasury, suppression of revolts as well as the challis decree marks the transformation of the delian league into the Athenian empire. The role of the delian league was to protect those Greek states which had already revolted from Persia and to liberate those still under Persian rule. The league was very active in overthrowing Persian power and consolidating the role of Athens as hegemon’s in the Greek world. It was clear that the alliance was unequal from the beginning because, the leadership was Athenian, they had the largest fleet and they were also superior in resources. This was a result from their successes in the Persian wars, in particular the battle of Salamis.
ESSAY- Account for the victory of the Greeks from 480 to 479 The Greek victory in the Persian Wars from 480-479BC can be directed towards many reasons. In contrast to the Persian forces, factors such as unity, leadership, knowledge of the land, tactics and communication exemplify how the Athenians were superior in fighting, which consolidated their victory in the battles from 480 to 479BC. Unity Scholar Mullins beliefs that the Greek unity achieved was a factor in her victory over Persia. The congress of Corinth in 481BC was a vital step towards the promotion of Greek strength. Herodotus accounts of the Corinth assembly speak of Themistocles pursuit of unity.
It is through all of these contributions made by Themistocles that guaranteed the Greek victory at Salamis. In conclusion, Themistocles' contributions made through his intelligence, leadersip at Salmis and his pre-war efforts in establishing a superior Athenian naval fleet greatly influenced the course of the second Persian wars and made him a key factor in both the Greek victory in the Persian wars and the Persian
How could the Spartans have avoided the loss of their leading position in Greece? Sparta emerged as a political force around the 10th century BC, after the invading Dorians conquered the surrounding, non-Dorian population. Owing to its military strength and dominance, Sparta was recognized as the leader of the combined Greek during the bloody Greco-Persian wars. The social system of Sparta was unique in Ancient Greece, with strong focus placed on military excellence. This military strength helped Sparta defeat Athens and emerge victorious from the Peloponnesian War between 431-404 BC.
The Spartans pretended to flee from the Persian shields only to turn at the right moment and inflict serious losses on the Persian army. The Spartans maintained their supremacy in warfare until the battle of Leuktra in 371 BC, which was a major factor in the decline of Sparta.The Spartans were defeated in the Battle of Lauctra by the great general and strategist Epaminondas of Thebes. His tactic of using and echelon formation with the leading side loaded up with his best troops and in very deep formation allowed him to break the unbreakable, the Spartan hoplite line crumbled. G.L. Cawkwell, a modern historian, argues that Sparta's defeat a Leauctra highlights the failure of its social system - its narrowness and emphasis on
The ancient Greeks believed that keeping their citizens strong and healthy would help strengthen the city-states. The only men allowed to participate would be Greek speaking. Women were not allowed to compete and married women were not even allowed to attend the games. Ancient Olympics started as a time to honor Zeus. Zeus was the father of all the Greek gods and goddesses.