This was a result from their successes in the Persian wars, in particular the battle of Salamis. Increasing naval power, as a result of the Athenian fleet established by Themistocles in 483BC, meant that Athens became ‘the epicenter of military and culture in Greece’- Kaysoukic. The population grew to 400 000 and it became the centre of trade after the wars. This increasing status in Greece contributed to their expansion of the delian league to the Athenian empire. The campaigns in Persia by Athenian leader Kimon not only consolidated Greek power but allowed for Athens to have increased trade routes.
It is through all of these contributions made by Themistocles that guaranteed the Greek victory at Salamis. In conclusion, Themistocles' contributions made through his intelligence, leadersip at Salmis and his pre-war efforts in establishing a superior Athenian naval fleet greatly influenced the course of the second Persian wars and made him a key factor in both the Greek victory in the Persian wars and the Persian
Athenians had been in previous wars and as time progressed it was clear that Athens had to be rebuilt, as the reconstruction process proceeded the Athenian empire began to dominate their allies politically and economically. The Athenians started the Delian League which provided funds for Athens to build up its navy which allowed them to gain power. Meanwhile Sparta, who was a military leader of the Greek world, made their own treaties that reached out to the Peloponnesian with the exception of Argos and Achaea.Both
Themistocles was responsible to a great extent for the Greek victory in the Persian wars. His role as both a political and military leader were crucial in the naval development of Athens and the Greek states, which allowed them to win the battle of the sea, resulting in a sense of confidence allowing them to be the victors of the final battles fought in Plataea and Mycale. Themistocles also played a vital role in both the battle of Artemisium and Salamis, which were significant to the overall Greek victory over the Persians. His political skills of oration proved of paramount importance in maintaining the Greek unity at Salamis as well as convincing Greek citizens to trust his tactics and methods, which evidently seized victory. The battle of Artemisium highlights Themistocles role in achieving victory for the Greeks.
At the beginning of the period of interest, that is, the beginning of the 5th century Athens is one of the most powerful Greek city states attempting to gain support of other States. Through the Persian Wars they build up their reputation as a protector of the Greek states until near the end of the period where the Athenian empire is formed with allies becoming subjects to the more powerful Athens. Throughout this period Athens built alliances made enemies that led to Athens eventual downfall. The Ionian revolt in 499 BC can be seen as a first attempt by Athens to gain support from Greeks in Asia Minor as Athens provided assistance to the Ionian Greeks in liberating them from Persian occupation therefore allowing them to gain their autonomy back. At this time the Greek states were continually at war with one another and there was no unity between them.
The involvement of Athens and Eretria in the Ionian revolt according to Ehrenberg “put Athens into the center of the unfolding story of the Persian wars”. Herodotus agrees, stating that the dispatch of the ships from Athens and Eretria was “the beginning of the evil for both Greeks and barbarians.” The conflict brought about strong feelings from Athens toward Persia that were carried into future battles. Herodotus records that “the whole episode was probably most important for the later attitudes which it engendered.” The Greeks were motivated into defending their land from the Persians after seeing the fate of the Greeks in Ionia. They knew that if they were conquered according to Ehrenberg that “the freedom of the Greek states would be lost.” Public support in Athens against Persia was gained due to the fate of Miletus. Many Athenians felt that more help should have been provided to protect the cities destruction.
Its final outcome went down to the superior battle strategy of Miltiades and also went down to a bit of luck. It was the first Greek victory against the Persians and filled the Greek states with confidence that they could repel any Persian attacks. The battle occurred on the 12th September 490bc and the Persians were led by Datis and Artephernes while according to Herodotus the Greeks were led by a representatives of each of the 10
Doing this Sparta and Athens won the war against the Persians, but ended up losing to Rome. Leonidas impacted our generation today by giving us entertainment, courage, and a basis for a need for a strong military. He lived from about 540 B.C. to August 11, 480 B.C. in the battle of Thermopylae.
Who is the most important Greek leader? I believe that Pericles is the most important Greek leader because during his years of leadership, Athens reached the height of its power and became the cultural and political capital of Greece. Pericles was born around 493 BC and died around 429 BC. He was born into a rich aristocratic family. He held public office from 461 BC to 429 BC.