Essay On Spartan Army

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"So it is with the Spartans; fighting singly, they are as good as any, but fighting together they are the best soldiers in the world. They are free - yes - but not entirely free; for they have a master, and that mater is Law, which they fear much more than subjects fear you. Whatever this master commands, they do; and his command never varies, it is never to retreat in battle, however great the odds, but always to stand firm and to conduer or die." quoted by Herodotus. Todays topic is on Spartan Army. The Spartan army was the military force of Sparta, one of the leading city-states of ancient Greece. The army stood at the centre of the Spartan state, whose citizens' primary obligation was to be good soldiers. Subject to military drill from infancy, the Spartans were one of the most feared military forces in world history. At Sparta's heyday in the 6th to 4th centuries BC, it was commonly accepted that "one Spartan was worth several men of any other state." In order to become highly trained warriors, Spartiates submitted themselves to the rigorous education system and discipline code of Sparta known as the agoge.…show more content…
The Spartans pretended to flee from the Persian shields only to turn at the right moment and inflict serious losses on the Persian army. The Spartans maintained their supremacy in warfare until the battle of Leuktra in 371 BC, which was a major factor in the decline of Sparta.The Spartans were defeated in the Battle of Lauctra by the great general and strategist Epaminondas of Thebes. His tactic of using and echelon formation with the leading side loaded up with his best troops and in very deep formation allowed him to break the unbreakable, the Spartan hoplite line crumbled. G.L. Cawkwell, a modern historian, argues that Sparta's defeat a Leauctra highlights the failure of its social system - its narrowness and emphasis on

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