As he was the king, he had thought that he had the power to make the Scots use English prayer books. The scots were so furious that they decided to fight Charles I instead. This also made him unpopular to the scots as well as the people of England. When the scots had defeated him Charles had to pay lots of tax money which he couldn’t afford. So, Charles had to recall parliament, as only tax voted by parliament got rid of the scots.
He believed that the indulgences were unjust because the indulgences were aimed at wealthy people who had the money to buy them while poor peasants were too poor to afford them. John Calvin believed in pre-destination, a belief that people were chosen to go to heaven or hell when they were born, and nothing can change that. He also brought reformation in the city of Geneva, restricting gambling and dancing. Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483. He is famous for his 95 Theses, where he attacked the Catholic Church for selling indulgences and the corruption in the church.
At the start of king Charles reign things were already looking odd for him because the things he chose to do where completely against parliaments plans. Parliament had to know what the king was doing before he did it but because he never told them what was happening. Parliament and Charles friendship was crumbling gradually. In 1625 Charles married Henrietta Maria, the fifteen year old daughter of Henri IV of France who was a catholic she had her own chapel and priest. Puritans and protestants started to put up posters against the church and the king in 1637 archbishop laud put the people making the posters in trial and those found guilty were severely punished .
On January 30, 1649 there occurred something that had never before happened in the course of history, and this was a regicide. Regicide is when a king is put to trial and sentenced to death by his own subjects. This happened for the first time in England to King Charles I. Charles was a tyrant king from the beginning of his reign. Eventually England grew sick of this tyrant king and Oliver Cromwell was the leader of the pack. Charles attempted to terminate Parliament, but this was the straw that broke the camel’s back, and now civil war was upon the people of England.
Consequently when he asked the Barons to provide an army to win back his land in France they refused. The evidence suggests that John did not always listen to his Barons and his Barons did not always listen to him and it was known as a long term cause of the rebellion. In addition to this was when John raised the taxes. John increased taxes heavily to pay for an army to gain his land in France; again he didn’t consult the Barons before this change. In 1213 he collected so much money from taxes that half of all the coins in England were his to spend.
A new religion was created by Henry VIII, called Protestant. This authorized people to divorce if they were unhappy about their marriage. This made all the pope, monks and priests very irritated and angry. Henry’s hunger for power slowly increased; he wanted to dissolve the monasteries as he felt strongly about controlling the church his way. Although Henry was king of England, he thought that the pope might have more control over the people in England.
Other situations or events that led to problems between the years 1625 and 1629 were the impeachment and then assassination of Buckingham, the Petition of right and the insulting appointment of Wentworth up in the North. The fore mentioned were all problems which can be blamed on Charles but aren’t wholly his fault. The York house and what was discussed in it, cause a problem for Charles. First of all Charles didn’t head up the meeting, and he didn’t allow the archbishop to do it. Instead he chose Buckingham for the job.
This is because of many reasons: King Charles (1625-1649) married a French Catholic Princess (Henrietta Maria of France). This didn’t make him very popular with Parliament or the Protestants because they though he was trying to make England Catholic. People felt that she was leading him astray from his Protestant ways. The King’s wife loved the look of Catholic Churches. Charles later did is he got Archbishop Laud to decorate the churches to make them look “more Catholic”.
Because of the favouritism of King Charles towards Buckingham, he dissolved the second Parliament to save Buckingham after the Commons had impeached him. The third Parliament passed down the Petition of Right which declared that the King was doing illegal actions and made religious innovation. Charles then dissolved the Parliament, imprisoned the leaders of the Commons and governed for 11 years as a dictator. It
Religion was a significant issue for Elizabeth, as England had been religiously divided between Catholicism and Protestantism. Whichever faith Elizabeth adopted would alienate the believers of those she did not. Protestants in England had suffered under many years of Catholic rule, including the burning of heretics at the stake. The Catholics, in any case, did not see Elizabeth as the rightful heir to the throne anyway after Henry VIII bigamously married Anne Boleyn whilst still married to Catherine of Aragon, instead believing her to be an illegitimate bastard; she had, in fact, only narrowly avoided execution because of her faith. Thus, at least at the beginning of her reign, Elizabeth was an unpopular monarch, not least because she was a woman.