Charles would have kept his crown and most of his power and be assured of the retention of bishops.  The Army was one of the most radical bodies in the country, with many of its men belonging to millenarian and republican groups. It carried out the purge of conservative members of Parliament in December 1648. At Charles’ trial, Cromwell and other officers signed the death warrant. For such an organisation to have made a generous offer to the King previously shows a dichotomy between conservatism and radicalism.
Enlightenment Agenda: George Washington Point of View The English Civil War was caused majorly by religion and Parliament’s wish to have more power over the monarch. It was a conflict between Charles I supporters, the Royalists or Cavaliers, and Roundheads, also known as the Parliamentarians, who were worried that Catholicism in any form would appear in the government. Another factor that lead to the English Civil War was the reigning king Charles I lack of money. Charles I lack of money and his lack of interest in Parliament when making laws angered the people. The result of the war led to King Charles I being beheaded.
Elizabeth in response punched him on the ear, which caused Essex to grasp his sword. This was completely unprecedented and could have been viewed as treason. Essex then stormed out during the meeting and was banned from returning to court by Elizabeth. During Essex’ absence from court, Elizabeth’s closest friends and ally William Cecil passed away in 1599. Cecil was a key figure during Elizabeth’s reign and some historians conclude that he was in fact the man who was running the country.
Throughout the whole ordeal the Duke of Austria got to be king. The losers would not accept it so the war broke out with Europe that split up into the Habsburg (Catholic/Imperial) vs. Protestants (Sweden and France/ Gustavas Adolphus and Bourbons.) The first period in The Thirty Year War was named the Bohemian Period that ranged from 1618-1625. When Ferdinand II became a Catholic king in the Holy Roman Empire, the
The American Revolution was a result of the colonists unrest caused by their abhorrence towards their British Mother Country. For several centuries the colonies had been subject to rule by the English Crown and it’s Parliament. They no longer wanted to be controlled by a country an ocean away, and in turn sought independence. A huge factor in the start of the American Revolution was the French and Indian War that changed the age-old bond between the colonies and England. Decades of conflict followed, starting with the revolt as a result of the Stamp Act in 1765, leading to the eruption of war in 1775.
When Louis XIII died the next in line to take the throne was his only 5 years old son, Louis XIV. His mother ruled for him alongside the new Chief Minister, Mazarin, who had been trained by Richelieu. Mazarin became unpopular with many, because of his overbearing attempts to raise taxes. In the 1640's a group of nobles known as the nobility of the sword, backed by peasants led a series of revolts called The Fronde (1649 and 1652) against Mazarin. Louis XIV takes over after Mazarin’s death in 1661 The revolts alarmed the young king into believing that only a country with absolute monarchy could prevent civil war.
He married a Catholic: Henrietta Maria. This caused great uproar amongst his people and Parliament. Parliament tried to stop him marrying a Roman Catholic in fear of Catholicism gradually seeping back into the country. Since the reign of Elizabeth, the country had been strictly Protestant. In 22 years, this was the first major sign of religious trouble.
They had a long wait until 1840 to see the tax-supported status of the Anglican Church be removed, making them equal once again. Not only did the friction between Anglicans and Catholics grow before and while the era, but the tyranny of the Church of England also gave reason to former believer to dissent and form new groups such as Presbyterianism (who did not agree with the order of
In 1637, three Puritans were put to trial by Archbishop Laud. They were found guilty and were punished severely. Charles tried to make the Scots use the English Prayer Book in 1637. They refused so Charles sent in an army. Charles’ army was defeated and he was in deep trouble.
What was the significant cause of civil strife between 1455 -1461? On the 4th March 1461, Henry VI was deposed as king and put in the tower of London. His reign as King starting on the 31st August 1422 (aged just nine months), was deemed as one of the worst in history with so many factors in the end leading to his deposition as King. Many people believe that the main contributor to this was Henry’s personality; this is because there is history of Henry having mental problems which people were obviously concerned about because he was their entrusted ruler. The nobility of England appeared to increase in power because of the weakness of the king.